Conditions, interventions, and outcomes in nursing research: a comparative analysis of North American and European/ International journals (1981-1990)

Ivo L. Abraham, Zona L. Chalifoux, Georges C.M. Evers, Sabina De Geest

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study compared the conceptual foci and methodological characteristics of research projects which tested the effects of nursing interventions, published in four general nursing research journals with predominantly North American, and two with predominantly European/International authorship and readership. Dimensions and variables of comparison included: nature of subjects, design issues, statistical methodology, statistical power, and types of interventions and outcomes. Although some differences emerged, the most striking and consistent finding was that there were no statistically significant differences (and thus similarities) in the content foci and methodological parameters of the intervention studies published in both groups of journals. We conclude that European/International and North American nursing intervention studies, as reported in major general nursing research journals, are highly similar in the parameters studied, yet in need of overall improvement. Certainly, there is no empirical support for the common (explicit or implicit).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)173-187
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Nursing Studies
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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