Condom use behaviors in hiv‐infected african american crack cocaine users

Sandra C. Timpson, Anne M. Bowen, Mark L. Williams, K. Blair Keel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to investigate sexual risk behaviors and factors associated with consistent condom use of HIV+ African Americans receiving HAART who smoke crack. Participants were African Americans in Houston, Texas and over 18, being treated for HIV, and reported currently using crack. Measures included demographic variables, sexual behaviors, drug use, and nine psychosocial scales and seven escape scales. One hundred thirty seven participated in the study. Condom use was low across all partner types. Regression analyses revealed two demographic variables, and two psychosocial and one escape scale were significantly associated with intention to use condoms. One of the more alarming findings of this study concerns the large number of individuals who know they are HIV positive yet continue to have unprotected sex. The inconsistent condom use by these HIV+ individuals threatens the progress that has been made to stem the epidemic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)211-220
Number of pages10
JournalSubstance Abuse
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • African americans
  • Crack cocaine
  • Hiv
  • Sexual behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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