Cone-beam breast computed tomography using ultra-fast image reconstruction with constrained, total-variation minimization for suppression of artifacts

Hsin Wu Tseng, Srinivasan Vedantham, Andrew Karellas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Compressed sensing based iterative reconstruction algorithms for computed tomography such as adaptive steepest descent-projection on convex sets (ASD-POCS) are attractive due to their applicability in incomplete datasets such as sparse-view data and can reduce radiation dose to the patients while preserving image quality. Although IR algorithms reduce image noise compared to analytical Feldkamp-Davis-Kress (FDK) algorithm, they may generate artifacts, particularly along the periphery of the object. One popular solution is to use finer image-grid followed by down-sampling. This approach is computationally intensive but may be compensated by reducing the field of view. Our proposed solution is to replace the algebraic reconstruction technique within the original ASD-POCS by ordered subsets-simultaneous algebraic reconstruction technique (OS-SART) and with initialization using FDK image. We refer to this method as Fast, Iterative, TV-Regularized, Statistical reconstruction Technique (FIRST). In this study, we investigate FIRST for cone-beam dedicated breast CT with large image matrix. The signal-difference to noise ratio (SDNR), the difference of the mean value and the variance of adipose and fibroglandular tissues for both FDK and FIRST reconstructions were determined. With FDK serving as the reference, the root-mean-square error (RMSE), bias, and the full-width at half-maximum (FWHM) of microcalcifications in two orthogonal directions were also computed. Our results suggest that FIRST is competitive to the finer image-grid method with shorter reconstruction time. Images reconstructed using the FIRST do not exhibit artifacts and outperformed FDK in terms of image noise. This suggests the potential of this approach for radiation dose reduction in cone-beam breast CT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-124
Number of pages8
JournalPhysica Medica
Volume73
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2020

Keywords

  • ASD-POCS
  • Artifacts
  • Breast
  • Breast CT
  • Computed tomography
  • Statistical image reconstruction
  • TV-POCS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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