The biological activity of peptide hormones and analogues depends on the structural and conformational properties of these compounds. A comparative study of the conformational properties of diastereoisomeric analogues of oxytocin with weak agonist activities (fully active but low potency), partial agonist activity (only able to partially induce biological response), and of conformationally restricted 1-penicillamine analogues with potent antagonist activity (no intrinsic activity, but can block the hormone's activity) was made using circular dichroism and laser Raman spectroscopies. Conformational information regarding the peptide amide, disulfide, and tyrosine chromophores was obtained, and indicates differences in the hormone agonists and antagonists. The diastereoisomeric oxytocin analogues [1-hemi-D-cystine]-, [2-D-tyrosine]-, and [5-D-asparagine]-oxytocin, have spectral features consistent with overall backbone conformations similar to oxytocin itself, but with differences in side chain moieties. This suggests that the substantial decrease in potency of the diastereoisomeric oxytocin analogues is due to changes in the relative orientations of the side chains. In contrast, the 1-penicillamine analogues of the present study, [1-penicillamine, 4-threonine]- and [1-penicillamine, 2-phenylalanine, 4-threonine]-oxytocin, like 1-penicillamine oxytocin analogues previously examined, have different backbone and disulfide conformations than oxytocin. All the 1-penicillamine oxytocin derivatives thus far examined appear, from laser Raman and CD data, to have similar topologies. However, those of the present study seem to have more rigid conformations as evidenced by very intense amide n-π* and tyrosine π-π* CD transitions.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1982|
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