Congenital Anomalies in Duane's Retraction Syndrome

David D. Pfaffenbach, Harold E. Cross, Thomas P. Kearns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

99 Scopus citations

Abstract

Patients with sporadic Duane's retraction syndrome (congenital aberrant innervation) appear to have a significant increase in the number of associated congenital malformations. These are primarily facial anomalies, ear and hearing anomalies, skeletal deformities, and roentgenographic malformations in the upper vertebral column and rib cage. The critical time in embryologic development resulting in these anomalies is the fourth to the eighth week of gestation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)635-639
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Ophthalmology
Volume88
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1972

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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