Constraining the disk masses of the class i binary protostar GV Tau

Patrick D. Sheehan, Joshua A Eisner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present new spatially resolved 1.3 mm imaging with CARMA of the GV Tau system. GV Tau is a Class I binary protostar system in the Taurus Molecular Cloud, the components of which are separated by 1.″2. Each protostar is surrounded by a protoplanetary disk, and the pair may be surrounded by a circumbinary envelope. We analyze the data using detailed radiative transfer modeling of the system. We create synthetic protostar model spectra, images, and visibilities and compare them with CARMA 1.3 mm visibilities, a Hubble Space Telescope near-infrared scattered light image, and broadband spectral energy distributions from the literature to study the disk masses and geometries of the GV Tau disks. We show that the protoplanetary disks around GV Tau fall near the lower end of estimates of the Minimum Mass Solar Nebula, and may have just enough mass to form giant planets. When added to the sample of Class I protostars from Eisner, we confirm that Class I protostars are on average more massive than their Class II counterparts. This suggests that substantial dust grain processing occurs between the Class I and Class II stages, and may help to explain why the Class II protostars do not appear to have, on average, enough mass in their disks to form giant planets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number19
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume791
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 10 2014

Fingerprint

protostars
visibility
planet
protoplanetary disks
planets
radiative transfer
near infrared
solar nebula
dust
geometry
spectral energy distribution
molecular clouds
Hubble Space Telescope
modeling
envelopes
energy
broadband
estimates

Keywords

  • binaries
  • formation - stars
  • general - protoplanetary disks - stars
  • high angular resolution
  • individual (GV Tau) - techniques

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Constraining the disk masses of the class i binary protostar GV Tau. / Sheehan, Patrick D.; Eisner, Joshua A.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 791, No. 1, 19, 10.08.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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