Constraining the molecular gas reservoir associated with the protogalaxy candidate MS1512-cB58

David T. Frayer, Padeli P. Papadopoulos, Jill Bechtold, E. R. Seaquist, H. K C Yee, N. Z. Scoville

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We report on sensitive searches for molecular CO(3-2) emission from the recently discovered protogalaxy candidate MS1512-cB58 (cB58) at a redshift of z = 2.72. The rest-frame UV light from cB58 indicates that a large burst of star formation (Mstars∼4 x 1010h-275M⊙) has occurred within less than 108 yr. The limit on the CO line intensity is S(CO)<0.38 Jy km s-1 which corresponds to a molecular gas mass of M(H2)<2.7 x 1010h-275M⊙ (q0 = 0.5), assuming the Galactic CO to H2 conversion factor. Although it is still uncertain whether cB58 is significantly gravitationally lensed by a foreground cluster at z = 0.37, the ratio of the UV luminosity to the CO luminosity may be nearly independent of lensing since the UV light appears to be extended. Assuming similar lensing magnification factors for both the UV and CO emission, we find the Lλ(UV)/L′(CO) luminosity ratio for cB58 is at least 20 times larger than that for typical nearby starburst galaxies. The high Lλ(UV)/L′(CO) ratio for cB58 may be indicative of a low metallicity and an IMF biased toward massive star formation or an intrinsically high star-formation efficiency. We also find that the system has consumed a significant fraction of its gas (Mgas/Mtotal<0.8), and the gas which has not already formed stars may be ejected by supernova-driven winds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)562-568
Number of pages7
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume113
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1997

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protogalaxies
molecular gases
star formation
luminosity
gas
starburst galaxies
IMF
magnification
massive stars
gases
metallicity
supernovae
bursts
stars
gas reservoir

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Frayer, D. T., Papadopoulos, P. P., Bechtold, J., Seaquist, E. R., Yee, H. K. C., & Scoville, N. Z. (1997). Constraining the molecular gas reservoir associated with the protogalaxy candidate MS1512-cB58. Astronomical Journal, 113(2), 562-568.

Constraining the molecular gas reservoir associated with the protogalaxy candidate MS1512-cB58. / Frayer, David T.; Papadopoulos, Padeli P.; Bechtold, Jill; Seaquist, E. R.; Yee, H. K C; Scoville, N. Z.

In: Astronomical Journal, Vol. 113, No. 2, 02.1997, p. 562-568.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Frayer, DT, Papadopoulos, PP, Bechtold, J, Seaquist, ER, Yee, HKC & Scoville, NZ 1997, 'Constraining the molecular gas reservoir associated with the protogalaxy candidate MS1512-cB58', Astronomical Journal, vol. 113, no. 2, pp. 562-568.
Frayer DT, Papadopoulos PP, Bechtold J, Seaquist ER, Yee HKC, Scoville NZ. Constraining the molecular gas reservoir associated with the protogalaxy candidate MS1512-cB58. Astronomical Journal. 1997 Feb;113(2):562-568.
Frayer, David T. ; Papadopoulos, Padeli P. ; Bechtold, Jill ; Seaquist, E. R. ; Yee, H. K C ; Scoville, N. Z. / Constraining the molecular gas reservoir associated with the protogalaxy candidate MS1512-cB58. In: Astronomical Journal. 1997 ; Vol. 113, No. 2. pp. 562-568.
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