Constraining the Neutron Star Mass-Radius Relation and Dense Matter Equation of State with NICER. I. The Millisecond Pulsar X-Ray Data Set

Slavko Bogdanov, Sebastien Guillot, Paul S. Ray, Michael T. Wolff, Deepto Chakrabarty, Wynn C.G. Ho, Matthew Kerr, Frederick K. Lamb, Andrea Lommen, Renee M. Ludlam, Reilly Milburn, Sergio Montano, M. Coleman Miller, Michi Bauböck, Feryal Özel, Dimitrios Psaltis, Ronald A. Remillard, Thomas E. Riley, James F. Steiner, Tod E. StrohmayerAnna L. Watts, Kent S. Wood, Jesse Zeldes, Teruaki Enoto, Takashi Okajima, James W. Kellogg, Charles Baker, Craig B. Markwardt, Zaven Arzoumanian, Keith C. Gendreau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present the set of deep Neutron Star Interior Composition Explorer (NICER) X-ray timing observations of the nearby rotation-powered millisecond pulsars PSRs J0437-4715, J0030+0451, J1231-1411, and J2124-3358, selected as targets for constraining the mass-radius relation of neutron stars and the dense matter equation of state (EoS) via modeling of their pulsed thermal X-ray emission. We describe the instrument, observations, and data processing/reduction procedures, as well as the series of investigations conducted to ensure that the properties of the data sets are suitable for parameter estimation analyses to produce reliable constraints on the neutron star mass-radius relation and the dense matter EoS. We find that the long-term timing and flux behavior and the Fourier-domain properties of the event data do not exhibit any anomalies that could adversely affect the intended measurements. From phase-selected spectroscopy, we find that emission from the individual pulse peaks is well described by a single-temperature hydrogen atmosphere spectrum, with the exception of PSR J0437-4715, for which multiple temperatures are required.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL25
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume887
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 10 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Constraining the Neutron Star Mass-Radius Relation and Dense Matter Equation of State with NICER. I. The Millisecond Pulsar X-Ray Data Set'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Bogdanov, S., Guillot, S., Ray, P. S., Wolff, M. T., Chakrabarty, D., Ho, W. C. G., Kerr, M., Lamb, F. K., Lommen, A., Ludlam, R. M., Milburn, R., Montano, S., Miller, M. C., Bauböck, M., Özel, F., Psaltis, D., Remillard, R. A., Riley, T. E., Steiner, J. F., ... Gendreau, K. C. (2019). Constraining the Neutron Star Mass-Radius Relation and Dense Matter Equation of State with NICER. I. The Millisecond Pulsar X-Ray Data Set. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 887(1), [L25]. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/ab53eb