We study a class of decaying dark matter models as a possible resolution to the observed discrepancies between early- and late-time probes of the universe. This class of models, dubbed DDM, characterizes the evolution of comoving dark matter density with two extra parameters. We investigate how DDM affects key cosmological observables such as the CMB temperature and matter power spectra. Combining 3x2pt data from Year 1 of the Dark Energy Survey, Planck-2018 CMB temperature and polarization data, Supernova (SN) Type Ia data from Pantheon, and BAO data from BOSS DR12, MGS and 6dFGS, we place new constraints on the amount of dark matter that has decayed and the rate with which it converts to dark radiation. The fraction of the decayed dark matter in units of the current amount of dark matter, ζ, is constrained at 68% confidence level to be < 0.32 for DES-Y1 3x2pt data, < 0.030 for CMB+SN+BAO data, and < 0.037 for the combined dataset. The probability that the DES and CMB+SN+BAO datasets are concordant increases from 4% for the ΛCDM model to 8% (less tension) for DDM. Moreover, tension in S8 = σ8pΩm/0.3 between DES-Y1 3x2pt and CMB+SN+BAO is reduced from 2.3σ to 1.9σ. We find no reduction in the Hubble tension when the combined data is compared to distance-ladder measurements in the DDM model. The maximum-posterior goodness-of-fit statistics of DDM and ΛCDM are comparable, indicating no preference for the DDM cosmology over ΛCDM.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Nov 9 2020|
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