Construct measurement and validation procedures in MIS and behavioral research: Integrating new and existing techniques

Scott B. MacKenzie, Philip M. Podsakoff, Nathan P Podsakoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

924 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Despite the fact that validating the measures of constructs is critical to building cumulative knowledge in MIS and the behavioral sciences, the process of scale development and validation continues to be a challenging activity. Undoubtedly, part of the problem is that many of the scale development procedures advocated in the literature are limited by the fact that they (1) fail to adequately discuss how to develop appropriate conceptual definitions of the focal construct, (2) often fail to properly specify the measurement model that relates the latent construct to its indicators, and (3) underutilize techniques that provide evidence that the set of items used to represent the focal construct actually measures what it purports to measure. Therefore, the purpose of the present paper is to integrate new and existing techniques into a comprehensive set of recommendations that can be used to give researchers in MIS and the behavioral sciences a framework for developing valid measures. First, we briefly elaborate upon some of the limitations of current scale development practices. Following this, we discuss each of the steps in the scale development process while paying particular attention to the differences that are required when one is attempting to develop scales for constructs with formative indicators as opposed to constructs with reflective indicators. Finally, we discuss several things that should be done after the initial development of a scale to examine its generalizability and to enhance its usefulness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)293-334
Number of pages42
JournalMIS Quarterly: Management Information Systems
Volume35
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2011

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Behavioral research
Management information systems
Construct validation
Scale development
Construct measurement

Keywords

  • Construct validation procedures
  • Content, convergent, discriminant and nomological validity
  • Formative and reflective indicator models
  • Scale development and validation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Information Systems
  • Information Systems and Management
  • Management Information Systems

Cite this

Construct measurement and validation procedures in MIS and behavioral research : Integrating new and existing techniques. / MacKenzie, Scott B.; Podsakoff, Philip M.; Podsakoff, Nathan P.

In: MIS Quarterly: Management Information Systems, Vol. 35, No. 2, 06.2011, p. 293-334.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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