Construct validity of the Korean women's abuse intolerance scale

Myunghan Choi, Linda R. Phillips, Aurelio J Figueredo, Kathleen C Insel, Sung Kil Min

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Domestic violence against married women has persisted throughout Korean history. However, very little empirical research has been conducted in Korea about domestic violence, its causes, or women's responses. OBJECTIVE: To develop and test psychometrically the Korean Women's Abuse Intolerance Scale (KWAIS) to measure women's propensity or desire to leave abusive husbands in Korea. METHODS: The first phase of the investigation involved qualitative research to explore the themes of women's responses to domestic violence and the development of the instrument. The second phase was a preliminary study conducted to examine women's responses to domestic violence. In the third phase, construct validity of the scale was established, using a sample of 184 married women living in Korea. RESULTS: The KWAIS adequately supported the underlying theory of women's responses to domestic violence, demonstrating strong content validity, high internal consistency (Cronbach's α of .98), and criterion-related validity evidenced by significant correlations that supported hypotheses among abuse intolerance and abuse (r = .69), traditional family ideology (r = -.78), marital satisfaction (r = -.85), attitude toward power ascription (r = .63), and collectivism (r = -.88). Factor analysis yielded a four-factor structure, explaining 78.4% of the common variance. Factor loadings ranged from .65 to .93. DISCUSSION: The findings for the psychometric properties of the KWAIS established its potential as a research instrument in measuring Korean women's propensity or desire to leave abusive husbands. Future studies need to focus on determining the predictive validity of the KWAIS and evaluating cross-cultural differences in women's propensity or desire to leave abusive husbands.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40-50
Number of pages11
JournalNursing Research
Volume57
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2008

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Domestic Violence
Korea
Spouses
Empirical Research
Qualitative Research
Psychometrics
Statistical Factor Analysis
History
Research

Keywords

  • Abuse intolerance
  • Construct validity
  • Korean women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Construct validity of the Korean women's abuse intolerance scale. / Choi, Myunghan; Phillips, Linda R.; Figueredo, Aurelio J; Insel, Kathleen C; Min, Sung Kil.

In: Nursing Research, Vol. 57, No. 1, 01.2008, p. 40-50.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Choi, Myunghan ; Phillips, Linda R. ; Figueredo, Aurelio J ; Insel, Kathleen C ; Min, Sung Kil. / Construct validity of the Korean women's abuse intolerance scale. In: Nursing Research. 2008 ; Vol. 57, No. 1. pp. 40-50.
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