Consumer Wearables for Patient Monitoring in Otolaryngology: A State of the Art Review

Shaan N. Somani, Katherine M. Yu, Alexander G. Chiu, Kevin J. Sykes, Jennifer A. Villwock

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Consumer wearables, such as the Apple Watch or Fitbit devices, have become increasingly commonplace over the past decade. The application of these devices to health care remains an area of significant yet ill-defined promise. This review aims to identify the potential role of consumer wearables for the monitoring of otolaryngology patients. Data Sources: PubMed. Review Methods: A PubMed search was conducted to identify the use of consumer wearables for the assessment of clinical outcomes relevant to otolaryngology. Articles were included if they described the use of wearables that were designed for continuous wear and were available for consumer purchase in the United States. Articles meeting inclusion criteria were synthesized into a final narrative review. Conclusions: In the perioperative setting, consumer wearables could facilitate prehabilitation before major surgery and prediction of clinical outcomes. The use of consumer wearables in the inpatient setting could allow for early recognition of parameters suggestive of poor or declining health. The real-time feedback provided by these devices in the remote setting could be incorporated into behavioral interventions to promote patients’ engagement with healthy behaviors. Various concerns surrounding the privacy, ownership, and validity of wearable-derived data must be addressed before their widespread adoption in health care. Implications for Practice: Understanding how to leverage the wealth of biometric data collected by consumer wearables to improve health outcomes will become a high-impact area of research and clinical care. Well-designed comparative studies that elucidate the value and clinical applicability of these data are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States)
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • biometric data
  • head and neck surgery
  • mobile health
  • precision medicine
  • wearable technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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