Context of maternal lineages in the Greater Southwest

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present mitochondrial haplogroup characterizations of the prehistoric Anasazi of the United States (US) Southwest. These data are part of a long-term project to characterize ancient Great Basin and US Southwest samples for mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) diversity. Three restriction site polymorphisms (RSPs) and one length polymorphism identify four common Native American matrilines (A, B, C, and D). The Anasazi (n = 27) are shown to have a moderate frequency of haplogroup A (22%), a high frequency of haplogroup B (56%), and a low frequency of C (15%). Haplogroup D has not yet been detected among the Anasazi. In comparison to modern Native American groups from the US Southwest, the Anasazi are shown to have a distribution of haplogroups similar to the frequency pattern exhibited by modern Pueblo groups. A principal component analysis also clusters the Anasazi with some modern (Pueblo) Southwestern populations, and away from other modern (Athapaskan speaking) Southwestern populations. The Anasazi are also shown to have a significantly different distribution of the four haplogroups as compared to the eastern Great Basin Great Salt Lake Fremont (n = 32), although both groups cluster together in a principal component analysis. The context of our data suggests substantial stability within the US Southwest, even in the face of the serious cultural and biological disruption caused by colonization of the region by European settlers. We conclude that although sample numbers are fairly low, ancient DNA (aDNA) data are useful for assessing long-term populational affinities and for discerning regional population structure. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)85-101
Number of pages17
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Anthropology
Volume113
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

maternal lineage
Mothers
North American Indians
American Indians
Great Basin States
Principal Component Analysis
polymorphism
principal component analysis
Group
Great Salt Lake
Population
cluster analysis
colonization
speaking
Lakes
Mitochondrial DNA
population structure
mitochondrial DNA
Salts
basins

Keywords

  • Anasazi
  • Ancient DNA
  • Fremont
  • mtDNA haplo-groups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Anthropology

Cite this

Context of maternal lineages in the Greater Southwest. / Pike, Ivy L.

In: American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Vol. 113, No. 1, 2000, p. 85-101.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{935a09818de94faeb50f69e8539a8b5c,
title = "Context of maternal lineages in the Greater Southwest",
abstract = "We present mitochondrial haplogroup characterizations of the prehistoric Anasazi of the United States (US) Southwest. These data are part of a long-term project to characterize ancient Great Basin and US Southwest samples for mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) diversity. Three restriction site polymorphisms (RSPs) and one length polymorphism identify four common Native American matrilines (A, B, C, and D). The Anasazi (n = 27) are shown to have a moderate frequency of haplogroup A (22{\%}), a high frequency of haplogroup B (56{\%}), and a low frequency of C (15{\%}). Haplogroup D has not yet been detected among the Anasazi. In comparison to modern Native American groups from the US Southwest, the Anasazi are shown to have a distribution of haplogroups similar to the frequency pattern exhibited by modern Pueblo groups. A principal component analysis also clusters the Anasazi with some modern (Pueblo) Southwestern populations, and away from other modern (Athapaskan speaking) Southwestern populations. The Anasazi are also shown to have a significantly different distribution of the four haplogroups as compared to the eastern Great Basin Great Salt Lake Fremont (n = 32), although both groups cluster together in a principal component analysis. The context of our data suggests substantial stability within the US Southwest, even in the face of the serious cultural and biological disruption caused by colonization of the region by European settlers. We conclude that although sample numbers are fairly low, ancient DNA (aDNA) data are useful for assessing long-term populational affinities and for discerning regional population structure. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.",
keywords = "Anasazi, Ancient DNA, Fremont, mtDNA haplo-groups",
author = "Pike, {Ivy L}",
year = "2000",
doi = "10.1002/1096-8644(200009)113:1<85::AID-AJPA8>3.0.CO;2-1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "113",
pages = "85--101",
journal = "American Journal of Physical Anthropology",
issn = "0002-9483",
publisher = "Wiley-Liss Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Context of maternal lineages in the Greater Southwest

AU - Pike, Ivy L

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - We present mitochondrial haplogroup characterizations of the prehistoric Anasazi of the United States (US) Southwest. These data are part of a long-term project to characterize ancient Great Basin and US Southwest samples for mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) diversity. Three restriction site polymorphisms (RSPs) and one length polymorphism identify four common Native American matrilines (A, B, C, and D). The Anasazi (n = 27) are shown to have a moderate frequency of haplogroup A (22%), a high frequency of haplogroup B (56%), and a low frequency of C (15%). Haplogroup D has not yet been detected among the Anasazi. In comparison to modern Native American groups from the US Southwest, the Anasazi are shown to have a distribution of haplogroups similar to the frequency pattern exhibited by modern Pueblo groups. A principal component analysis also clusters the Anasazi with some modern (Pueblo) Southwestern populations, and away from other modern (Athapaskan speaking) Southwestern populations. The Anasazi are also shown to have a significantly different distribution of the four haplogroups as compared to the eastern Great Basin Great Salt Lake Fremont (n = 32), although both groups cluster together in a principal component analysis. The context of our data suggests substantial stability within the US Southwest, even in the face of the serious cultural and biological disruption caused by colonization of the region by European settlers. We conclude that although sample numbers are fairly low, ancient DNA (aDNA) data are useful for assessing long-term populational affinities and for discerning regional population structure. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

AB - We present mitochondrial haplogroup characterizations of the prehistoric Anasazi of the United States (US) Southwest. These data are part of a long-term project to characterize ancient Great Basin and US Southwest samples for mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) diversity. Three restriction site polymorphisms (RSPs) and one length polymorphism identify four common Native American matrilines (A, B, C, and D). The Anasazi (n = 27) are shown to have a moderate frequency of haplogroup A (22%), a high frequency of haplogroup B (56%), and a low frequency of C (15%). Haplogroup D has not yet been detected among the Anasazi. In comparison to modern Native American groups from the US Southwest, the Anasazi are shown to have a distribution of haplogroups similar to the frequency pattern exhibited by modern Pueblo groups. A principal component analysis also clusters the Anasazi with some modern (Pueblo) Southwestern populations, and away from other modern (Athapaskan speaking) Southwestern populations. The Anasazi are also shown to have a significantly different distribution of the four haplogroups as compared to the eastern Great Basin Great Salt Lake Fremont (n = 32), although both groups cluster together in a principal component analysis. The context of our data suggests substantial stability within the US Southwest, even in the face of the serious cultural and biological disruption caused by colonization of the region by European settlers. We conclude that although sample numbers are fairly low, ancient DNA (aDNA) data are useful for assessing long-term populational affinities and for discerning regional population structure. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

KW - Anasazi

KW - Ancient DNA

KW - Fremont

KW - mtDNA haplo-groups

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0033838833&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0033838833&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/1096-8644(200009)113:1<85::AID-AJPA8>3.0.CO;2-1

DO - 10.1002/1096-8644(200009)113:1<85::AID-AJPA8>3.0.CO;2-1

M3 - Article

C2 - 10954622

AN - SCOPUS:0033838833

VL - 113

SP - 85

EP - 101

JO - American Journal of Physical Anthropology

JF - American Journal of Physical Anthropology

SN - 0002-9483

IS - 1

ER -