Contextualizing welfare's work disincentive

the case of female- headed family poverty

J. E. Kodras, John P Jones, K. F. Falconer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The conventional model of the relationship between welfare incentives and poverty rates holds that welfare payments produce an income-enhancement effect that removes families from poverty until some threshold. This paper contends instead that local employment conditions may substantially alter the relation. The paper extends the model to include the effects of local labor-market conditions on the response of poverty levels to welfare incentives for the US. The expansion method allows us to determine where and in what contexts welfare is "work discouraging.' The empirical analysis, which is undertaken at the county level, indicates that welfare payments vary in their influence on poverty rates across different employment contexts. A national map portraying this parameter instability demonstrates that female-family poverty rates are most responsive to welfare assistance in the rural South and least responsive in the metropolitan Northeast. Finally, the paper examines two sharply contrasting locales to illustrate how poverty is governed by specific employment and welfare characteristics. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)285-299
Number of pages15
JournalGeographical Analysis
Volume26
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

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poverty
welfare
incentive
market conditions
employment conditions
income effect
empirical analysis
labor market
family
income
assistance
rate
effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development

Cite this

Contextualizing welfare's work disincentive : the case of female- headed family poverty. / Kodras, J. E.; Jones, John P; Falconer, K. F.

In: Geographical Analysis, Vol. 26, No. 4, 1994, p. 285-299.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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