Continued importance of family factors in youth smoking behavior

Melinda M. Mahabee-Gittens, Yang Xiao, Judith S Gordon, Jane C. Khoury

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Although it is known that levels of family factors (FF) such as parental monitoring and parent-adolescent connectedness vary during adolescence, it is unknown which factors remain protective, preventing smoking initiation, in youth of differing racial/ethnic groups. Using a longitudinal, nationally representative sample, we examined which FF protect against smoking initiation in White, Black, and Hispanic youth. Methods: A total of 3,473 parent-nonsmoking youth dyads from Round 1 (T1) of the National Survey of Parents and Youth were followed to Round 3 (T2). Youth smoking status at T2 was assessed as the primary outcome. We examined changes in FF (T2-T1) and the protection afforded by these factors at T1 and T2 for smoking initiation, both by race/ethnicity and overall. Results: There were statistically significant decreases in levels of protective FF from T1 to T2 across all racial/ethnic groups; however, FF levels were higher in never-smokers compared with smoking initiators at both T1 and T2 (p <.05). Separate models by race/ethnicity showed the protective effect of increased perceived punishment in all racial/ethnic groups and protection against initiation by increased parental monitoring in Black and Hispanic youth. Overall, higher parental monitoring at T1 was associated with decreased odds of smoking initiation (33%); decreased parental monitoring and perceived punishment from T1 to T2 were associated with increased odds of smoking initiation (55% and 17%, respectively). Conclusions: Smoking prevention interventions should encourage parents to both enforce consistent consequences of smoking behavior, and continue monitoring, especially in minority groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbernts078
Pages (from-to)1458-1466
Number of pages9
JournalNicotine and Tobacco Research
Volume14
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2012

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Smoking
Ethnic Groups
Punishment
Hispanic Americans
Parents
Minority Groups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Continued importance of family factors in youth smoking behavior. / Mahabee-Gittens, Melinda M.; Xiao, Yang; Gordon, Judith S; Khoury, Jane C.

In: Nicotine and Tobacco Research, Vol. 14, No. 12, nts078, 12.2012, p. 1458-1466.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mahabee-Gittens, MM, Xiao, Y, Gordon, JS & Khoury, JC 2012, 'Continued importance of family factors in youth smoking behavior', Nicotine and Tobacco Research, vol. 14, no. 12, nts078, pp. 1458-1466. https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/nts078
Mahabee-Gittens, Melinda M. ; Xiao, Yang ; Gordon, Judith S ; Khoury, Jane C. / Continued importance of family factors in youth smoking behavior. In: Nicotine and Tobacco Research. 2012 ; Vol. 14, No. 12. pp. 1458-1466.
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