Our recent experience with peritonitis in patients over the age of 55 years undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis between 1979 and 1989 is reviewed. Thirty-seven patients in this age group underwent Tenckhoff catheter insertion. Severe catheter-related peritonitis occurred at a rate of 1.41 episodes per patient per year. Overall, there were 61 episodes of peritonitis in 31 patients, with an overall mortality rate of 7%. When systemic signs of sepsis were present, this rate rose to 25%. All deaths were associated with fungal, pseudomonal, or polymicrobial infections. Management of these infections may require aggressive measures including repeated laparotomy for control of sepsis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas