Contrasting visual frames of our times: A framing analysis of English- and Arabic-language press coverage of war and terrorism

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

By operationalizing visual frames in terms of the human-interest vs technical frame and the anti-war vs the pro-war frame, and exploring the use of two sets of framing devices: graphic portrayal and emphasis, this framing analysis of 1387 photographs examined contrasting visual narratives employed by English- and Arabic-language transnational press in covering the 9/11 attack and the Afghan War. For the English-language newspaper, the International Herald Tribune, the frames emphasized the human suffering of 9/11 and de-emphasized the civilian casualties and moral guilt of implementing military force in Afghanistan by focusing more on a pro-war frame that showed the complex military high-tech operations and patriotic pictures. For the Arabic-language newspaper, Al-Hayat, the frames focused less on the victims and more on the material destruction of 9/11 and humanized the victims of the Afghan War. Furthermore, it focused on an anti-war frame by running visuals of anti-war protests and emphasizing graphic visuals portraying the humanitarian crisis in the Muslim country of Afghanistan.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)695-717
Number of pages23
JournalInternational Communication Gazette
Volume72
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2010

Fingerprint

Terrorism
terrorism
coverage
language
Afghanistan
newspaper
Military
guilt
protest
English language
Muslim
time
narrative

Keywords

  • 9/11
  • Afghan War
  • Al-Hayat
  • framing
  • International Herald Tribune
  • photojournalism
  • transnational press
  • visual reporting
  • war coverage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

@article{0809d5ec3f6944159e8499c5d1fda204,
title = "Contrasting visual frames of our times: A framing analysis of English- and Arabic-language press coverage of war and terrorism",
abstract = "By operationalizing visual frames in terms of the human-interest vs technical frame and the anti-war vs the pro-war frame, and exploring the use of two sets of framing devices: graphic portrayal and emphasis, this framing analysis of 1387 photographs examined contrasting visual narratives employed by English- and Arabic-language transnational press in covering the 9/11 attack and the Afghan War. For the English-language newspaper, the International Herald Tribune, the frames emphasized the human suffering of 9/11 and de-emphasized the civilian casualties and moral guilt of implementing military force in Afghanistan by focusing more on a pro-war frame that showed the complex military high-tech operations and patriotic pictures. For the Arabic-language newspaper, Al-Hayat, the frames focused less on the victims and more on the material destruction of 9/11 and humanized the victims of the Afghan War. Furthermore, it focused on an anti-war frame by running visuals of anti-war protests and emphasizing graphic visuals portraying the humanitarian crisis in the Muslim country of Afghanistan.",
keywords = "9/11, Afghan War, Al-Hayat, framing, International Herald Tribune, photojournalism, transnational press, visual reporting, war coverage",
author = "Fahmy, {Shahira S}",
year = "2010",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1177/1748048510380801",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "72",
pages = "695--717",
journal = "International Communication Gazette",
issn = "1748-0485",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Contrasting visual frames of our times

T2 - A framing analysis of English- and Arabic-language press coverage of war and terrorism

AU - Fahmy, Shahira S

PY - 2010/12

Y1 - 2010/12

N2 - By operationalizing visual frames in terms of the human-interest vs technical frame and the anti-war vs the pro-war frame, and exploring the use of two sets of framing devices: graphic portrayal and emphasis, this framing analysis of 1387 photographs examined contrasting visual narratives employed by English- and Arabic-language transnational press in covering the 9/11 attack and the Afghan War. For the English-language newspaper, the International Herald Tribune, the frames emphasized the human suffering of 9/11 and de-emphasized the civilian casualties and moral guilt of implementing military force in Afghanistan by focusing more on a pro-war frame that showed the complex military high-tech operations and patriotic pictures. For the Arabic-language newspaper, Al-Hayat, the frames focused less on the victims and more on the material destruction of 9/11 and humanized the victims of the Afghan War. Furthermore, it focused on an anti-war frame by running visuals of anti-war protests and emphasizing graphic visuals portraying the humanitarian crisis in the Muslim country of Afghanistan.

AB - By operationalizing visual frames in terms of the human-interest vs technical frame and the anti-war vs the pro-war frame, and exploring the use of two sets of framing devices: graphic portrayal and emphasis, this framing analysis of 1387 photographs examined contrasting visual narratives employed by English- and Arabic-language transnational press in covering the 9/11 attack and the Afghan War. For the English-language newspaper, the International Herald Tribune, the frames emphasized the human suffering of 9/11 and de-emphasized the civilian casualties and moral guilt of implementing military force in Afghanistan by focusing more on a pro-war frame that showed the complex military high-tech operations and patriotic pictures. For the Arabic-language newspaper, Al-Hayat, the frames focused less on the victims and more on the material destruction of 9/11 and humanized the victims of the Afghan War. Furthermore, it focused on an anti-war frame by running visuals of anti-war protests and emphasizing graphic visuals portraying the humanitarian crisis in the Muslim country of Afghanistan.

KW - 9/11

KW - Afghan War

KW - Al-Hayat

KW - framing

KW - International Herald Tribune

KW - photojournalism

KW - transnational press

KW - visual reporting

KW - war coverage

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=78650141567&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=78650141567&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1748048510380801

DO - 10.1177/1748048510380801

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:78650141567

VL - 72

SP - 695

EP - 717

JO - International Communication Gazette

JF - International Communication Gazette

SN - 1748-0485

IS - 8

ER -