Controllable synthesis of carbon nanotubes via autothermal reforming of ethyl acetate

Zhiwei Xue, Yuesong Shen, Peiwen Li, Yu Zhang, Yanwei Zeng, Shemin Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Controllable synthesis of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) via autothermal reforming of ethyl acetate and waste cooking oil was studied for the first time. The products of the products were characterized by techniques of FESEM, XRD, HRTEM, Raman and XPS. Results revealed that reaction temperature, reaction time and reactants significantly affected the growth of CNTs. Ethyl acetate could be easily catalyzed into CNTs at 600 °C, which contained numerous defects and vacancies. High reaction temperatures led to the formation of CNTs with small diameter. The graphitization and purity of CNTs could be improved by increasing the reaction time. Besides, the amount of CNTs decreased by increasing the reaction time at low reaction temperature (< 600 °C), whereas increased at high reaction temperature (700 and 800 °C). In addition, increasing the amount of O2 and H2O in reactants reduced the formation of irregular carbon species and promoted the synthesis of CNTs with ultra-small diameter. Two growth mechanisms for synthesizing CNTs from ethyl acetate via autothermal reforming were proposed: “tip-growth” mechanism and “graphene-to-CNTs” mechanism. Furthermore, the real waste cooking oil was also successfully catalyzed into CNTs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)150-158
Number of pages9
JournalMaterials and Design
Volume141
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 5 2018

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Keywords

  • Autothermal reforming
  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Controllable synthesis
  • Ethyl acetate
  • Waste cooking oil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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