Controlling cell adhesion via replication of laser micro/nano-textured surfaces on polymers

Niki Koufaki, Anthi Ranella, Katerina E. Aifantis, Marios Barberoglou, Stylianos Psycharakis, Costas Fotakis, Emmanuel Stratakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this study is to investigate cell adhesion and viability on highly rough polymeric surfaces with gradient roughness ratios and wettabilities prepared by microreplication of laser micro/nano-textured Si surfaces. Negative replicas on polydimethylsiloxane as well as positive ones on a photocurable (organically modified ceramic) and a biodegradable (poly(lactide-co-glycolide)) polymer have been successfully reproduced. The final culture substrates comprised from forests of micron-sized conical spikes exhibiting a range of roughness ratios and wettabilities, was achieved by changing the laser fluence used to fabricate the original template surfaces. Cell culture experiments were performed with the fibroblast NIH/3T3 and PC12 neuronal cell lines in order to investigate how these surfaces are capable of modulating different types of cellular responses including, viability, adhesion and morphology. The results showed a preferential adhesion of both cell types on the microstructured surfaces compared to the unstructured ones. In particular, the fibroblast NIH/3T3 cells show optimal adhesion for small roughness ratios, independent of the surface wettability and polymer type, indicating a non-monotonic dependence of cell adhesion on surface energy. In contrast, the PC12 cells were observed to adhere well to the patterned surfaces independent of the roughness ratio and wettability. These experimental findings are correlated with micromechanical measurements performed on the unstructured and replicated surfaces and discussed on the basis of previous observations describing the relation of cell response to surface energy and rigidity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number045004
JournalBiofabrication
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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    Koufaki, N., Ranella, A., Aifantis, K. E., Barberoglou, M., Psycharakis, S., Fotakis, C., & Stratakis, E. (2011). Controlling cell adhesion via replication of laser micro/nano-textured surfaces on polymers. Biofabrication, 3(4), [045004]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1758-5082/3/4/045004