Coronado-era Place-names, I. Marcos de Niza in Sonora, and the Occurrence of Yaqui Names in his Relación

William K. Hartmann, Heidi B Harley, Constantino Martínez Fabián

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Two words used by Marcos de Niza in the first European report on travel north through Sonora (1539) ‘“Sayota” and “Vacapa”’ appear to be traceable to the Hiaki (Yaqui) language. Also, the Coronado expedition's assignment (1540) of the name “Yaquimi” to what is now called the Río Yaqui, in its middle stretch near Onavas, indicates the presence of Hiaki/Yaqui-speakers in that region. These results are used to constrain the likely region of Hiaki/Yaqui-speaking peoples in 1539–42 and also the poorly known movements of Marcos de Niza and the Coronado expedition in Sonora at that time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)350-365
Number of pages16
JournalKIVA
Volume80
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015

Keywords

  • Coronado expedition route
  • Marcos de Niza route
  • Marcos de Niza: use of Yaqui words
  • Sonora: place-names in 1539
  • Vacapa location

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anthropology
  • Archaeology
  • History
  • Archaeology

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