Background: Coronary artery bypass is an acceptable therapy in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy. However, it has been demonstrated that patients with increased left ventricular volume have a worse outcome than patients with normal ventricular volume. Our hypothesis was that ventricular restoration plus coronary artery bypass provides improved outcome compared with coronary artery bypass alone in ischemic cardiomyopathy with ventricular enlargement. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed of patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ejection fraction <30%) who underwent operation between 1998 and 2002. Patients with enlarged ventricles (end-diastolic dimension ≥6.0 cm) who underwent either coronary artery bypass alone or coronary artery bypass with ventricular restoration were compared. Preoperative and postoperative ejection fraction, morbidity, mortality, and freedom from heart failure (hospitalization secondary to heart failure) were assessed. Results: Ninety-five patients were included in the study. Thirty-nine patients had coronary artery bypass alone, whereas 56 patients had ventricular restoration with coronary artery bypass. Both groups demonstrated an improved postoperative ejection fraction; however, the improvement was significantly greater in the ventricular restoration plus coronary artery bypass group (P < .01). There were no hospital deaths in either group; however, late mortality was higher in the coronary artery bypass group. Freedom from heart failure was achieved in all but 2 of the ventricular restoration plus coronary artery bypass patients (2/56, or 3.6%) versus 7 in the coronary artery bypass group (7/39, or 18%). The combined outcomes of freedom from failure and late mortality were significantly improved in the ventricular restoration plus coronary artery bypass group (P < .05). Conclusions: Ventricular restoration affords significant improvement in ejection. fraction compared with coronary artery bypass alone, without added mortality. Most importantly, left ventricular restoration reduces late morbidity and mortality compared with coronary artery bypass alone in patients with large ventricles.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine