Farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa have lower agricultural technology adoption rates compared to the rest of the world. It is believed that the past season yield affects a farmer's capacity to take on the riskier improved seed variety; but this effect has not been studied. We quantify the effect of past season yield on improved corn seed use in future seasons while addressing the impact of the seed variety on yield. We develop a maximum likelihood method that addresses the fact that farmers self-select into a technology resulting in its effect on yield being endogenous. The method is unique since it models both lagged and endogenous effects in correlated discrete and continuous outcomes simultaneously. Due to the prescence of the lagged effect in a three year dataset, we also propose a solution to the initial conditions problem and demonstrate with simulations its effectiveness. We used survey longitudinal data collected from Kenyan corn farmers for three years. Our results show that higher past season yield increased the likelihood of adoption in future seasons. The simulation and empirical studies indicate that ignoring the self selection of improved seed use biases the results; we obtain a different sign in the covariance.
- Lagged effects
- correlated discrete and continuous outcomes
- endogeneity and initial conditions problem
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistics and Probability
- Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty