Correlation effects in the excitonic optical properties of semiconductors

S. W. Koch, M. Kira, T. Meier

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

A microscopic many-body theory for the optical and electronic properties of semiconductors is reviewed with an emphasis on the role of correlation effects. At the semiclassical level, the semiconductor Bloch equations include many-body effects via bandgap and field renormalization as well as correlation contributions representing two electron-hole pair amplitudes. excitonic populations, and coupled interband and intraband coherences. These Coulomb interaction induced carrier correlations lead to characteristic signatures in nonlinear semiconductor spectroscopy. At the fully quantum mechanical level the dominant light-matter correlations are described by coupled semiconductor Bloch and luminescence equations. Excitonic emission properties of quantum well and microcavity systems are discussed, including effects such as coherent signatures in the secondary emission and coherent control of the emitted light.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R29-R45
JournalJournal of Optics B: Quantum and Semiclassical Optics
Volume3
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2001

Keywords

  • Coulomb interaction
  • Excitons
  • Semiconductor theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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