This study was performed to test the hypothesis that, in human temporal lobe epilepsy, electrocorticographic time factors involved in the ictal EEG to clinical ictal transition (electrocorticographic to clinical seizure onset time, ECOT) and the interhemispheric propagation of epileptic activity (interhemispheric propagation time, IHPT), which are independently correlated with temporal lobe epileptogenicity and predictive of seizure-free outcome following temporal lobectomy, are correlated with one another in a quantitative fashion. A series of 37 patients with medically intractable temporal lobe seizures was studied with long-term subdural videoelectroencephalographic monitoring. Temporal lobe seizure interhemispheric propagation time (IHPT) was found to be a negative, exponential function of electrocorticographic to clinical seizure onset time (ECOT) (f(x) = 8.201 × 10-0.016x, r = 0.347, d.f. = 35, t = 2.19, p < 0.05, where f(x) = IHPT and x = ECOT). A small increase in ECOT was associated with a substantial decrease in IHPT and vice versa. The results suggest the electrophysiological time factor, ECOT, involved in the transition from ictal EEG seizure onset to clinical seizure onset, may determine the speed of interhemispheric propagation of established epileptic activity. The results suggest the interesting hypothesis that, in human temporal lobe epilepsy and, perhaps, under non-pathological circumstances, the human temporal lobe might possess a "time-labeling" function amenable to quantitative analysis.
- Temporal lobe epilepsy
- Time factors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Physiology (medical)