Correlations between epicuticular wax structures and chemical composition in Arabidopsis thaliana

A. M. Rashotte, Kenneth A Feldmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The epicuticular waxes of vascular plants are both chemically and structurally diverse. This investigation attempts to clarify the poorly understood relationships between epicuticular wax chemicals and structures by correlating the diversity of chemical compositions and structures in wildtype and epicuticular wax mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana. An expanded classification of A. thaliana epicuticular wax structures was conducted preceding their quantification on 24 genotypes of A. thaliana. Correlations between all A. thaliana stem epicuticular wax chemical and structural categories showed that 19 of the 26 epicuticular wax compounds were significantly correlated to at least one of the six structural types. The chain-length distribution of an epicuticular wax profile was also found to be correlated to structural type: short chain-length compounds to dendritic structures and long chain-length compounds to umbrella structures. The 29-carbon-length alkane, ketone, and secondary alcohol are each correlated to the same four structures: horizontal structures, rods, tubes, and vertical plates. In addition, these three 29-carbon wax components and four structures make up a majority of the chemical and structural constituents on 19 of the 20 genotypes that possess structures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)773-779
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume159
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998

Fingerprint

epicuticular wax
wax
Arabidopsis thaliana
chemical composition
genotype
carbon
ketones
waxes
vascular plants
chemical structure
alkanes
ketone
vascular plant
alkane
alcohols
alcohol
taxonomy
stem
mutants
stems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

Cite this

Correlations between epicuticular wax structures and chemical composition in Arabidopsis thaliana. / Rashotte, A. M.; Feldmann, Kenneth A.

In: International Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 159, No. 5, 1998, p. 773-779.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{8d16822108d24267ae5102b1c04a9ce1,
title = "Correlations between epicuticular wax structures and chemical composition in Arabidopsis thaliana",
abstract = "The epicuticular waxes of vascular plants are both chemically and structurally diverse. This investigation attempts to clarify the poorly understood relationships between epicuticular wax chemicals and structures by correlating the diversity of chemical compositions and structures in wildtype and epicuticular wax mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana. An expanded classification of A. thaliana epicuticular wax structures was conducted preceding their quantification on 24 genotypes of A. thaliana. Correlations between all A. thaliana stem epicuticular wax chemical and structural categories showed that 19 of the 26 epicuticular wax compounds were significantly correlated to at least one of the six structural types. The chain-length distribution of an epicuticular wax profile was also found to be correlated to structural type: short chain-length compounds to dendritic structures and long chain-length compounds to umbrella structures. The 29-carbon-length alkane, ketone, and secondary alcohol are each correlated to the same four structures: horizontal structures, rods, tubes, and vertical plates. In addition, these three 29-carbon wax components and four structures make up a majority of the chemical and structural constituents on 19 of the 20 genotypes that possess structures.",
author = "Rashotte, {A. M.} and Feldmann, {Kenneth A}",
year = "1998",
doi = "10.1086/297596",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "159",
pages = "773--779",
journal = "International Journal of Plant Sciences",
issn = "1058-5893",
publisher = "University of Chicago",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Correlations between epicuticular wax structures and chemical composition in Arabidopsis thaliana

AU - Rashotte, A. M.

AU - Feldmann, Kenneth A

PY - 1998

Y1 - 1998

N2 - The epicuticular waxes of vascular plants are both chemically and structurally diverse. This investigation attempts to clarify the poorly understood relationships between epicuticular wax chemicals and structures by correlating the diversity of chemical compositions and structures in wildtype and epicuticular wax mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana. An expanded classification of A. thaliana epicuticular wax structures was conducted preceding their quantification on 24 genotypes of A. thaliana. Correlations between all A. thaliana stem epicuticular wax chemical and structural categories showed that 19 of the 26 epicuticular wax compounds were significantly correlated to at least one of the six structural types. The chain-length distribution of an epicuticular wax profile was also found to be correlated to structural type: short chain-length compounds to dendritic structures and long chain-length compounds to umbrella structures. The 29-carbon-length alkane, ketone, and secondary alcohol are each correlated to the same four structures: horizontal structures, rods, tubes, and vertical plates. In addition, these three 29-carbon wax components and four structures make up a majority of the chemical and structural constituents on 19 of the 20 genotypes that possess structures.

AB - The epicuticular waxes of vascular plants are both chemically and structurally diverse. This investigation attempts to clarify the poorly understood relationships between epicuticular wax chemicals and structures by correlating the diversity of chemical compositions and structures in wildtype and epicuticular wax mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana. An expanded classification of A. thaliana epicuticular wax structures was conducted preceding their quantification on 24 genotypes of A. thaliana. Correlations between all A. thaliana stem epicuticular wax chemical and structural categories showed that 19 of the 26 epicuticular wax compounds were significantly correlated to at least one of the six structural types. The chain-length distribution of an epicuticular wax profile was also found to be correlated to structural type: short chain-length compounds to dendritic structures and long chain-length compounds to umbrella structures. The 29-carbon-length alkane, ketone, and secondary alcohol are each correlated to the same four structures: horizontal structures, rods, tubes, and vertical plates. In addition, these three 29-carbon wax components and four structures make up a majority of the chemical and structural constituents on 19 of the 20 genotypes that possess structures.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031692220&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031692220&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1086/297596

DO - 10.1086/297596

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0031692220

VL - 159

SP - 773

EP - 779

JO - International Journal of Plant Sciences

JF - International Journal of Plant Sciences

SN - 1058-5893

IS - 5

ER -