Costs of Advanced Treatment in Water Reclamation

Megan H. Plumlee, Benjamin D. Stanford, Jean François Debroux, D. Cory Hopkins, Shane A Snyder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The additional removal of trace organic contaminants (TOrCs) provided by advanced water and wastewater treatment inevitably requires additional financial costs, which must be estimated to support utility planning and compare alternatives. This study presents conceptual-level (Class 4) capital and annual operations and maintenance (O&M) cost curve equations to aid evaluations of advanced treatment trains for water reuse. The cost curve equations are broadly applicable to the water reuse community, particularly those interested in ozone-based treatment trains. Unit processes include microfiltration or ultrafiltration membranes (MF/UF), nanofiltration or reverse osmosis membranes (NF/RO), ozone (with or without hydrogen peroxide, H<inf>2</inf>O<inf>2</inf>), ultraviolet (UV) treatment with H<inf>2</inf>O<inf>2</inf> (UV/H<inf>2</inf>O<inf>2</inf>), and biological activated carbon (BAC); all cost curves are for a unit process and can be added together to obtain costs for a combined treatment train. The cost curves indicate that at all plant capacities (1 to 500 MGD), membrane treatment (e.g., MF or RO) represents the highest cost unit process, ozone the least, and BAC or UV/H<inf>2</inf>O<inf>2</inf> fall in between. Additionally, the relationship between ozone dose and TOrC removal is discussed with a demonstration of how costs change with increasing ozone dose to achieve desired TOrC destruction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)485-495
Number of pages11
JournalOzone: Science and Engineering
Volume36
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 3 2014

Fingerprint

Wastewater reclamation
Ozone
cost
ozone
Costs
train
Chemical reactions
water
Impurities
membrane
Activated carbon
activated carbon
pollutant
Membranes
Osmosis membranes
Nanofiltration
Microfiltration
Water
Reverse osmosis
Ultrafiltration

Keywords

  • Advanced Treatment Costs
  • Membranes, Trace Organic Contaminants
  • Ozone
  • Water Reuse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Engineering

Cite this

Costs of Advanced Treatment in Water Reclamation. / Plumlee, Megan H.; Stanford, Benjamin D.; Debroux, Jean François; Hopkins, D. Cory; Snyder, Shane A.

In: Ozone: Science and Engineering, Vol. 36, No. 5, 03.09.2014, p. 485-495.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Plumlee, MH, Stanford, BD, Debroux, JF, Hopkins, DC & Snyder, SA 2014, 'Costs of Advanced Treatment in Water Reclamation', Ozone: Science and Engineering, vol. 36, no. 5, pp. 485-495. https://doi.org/10.1080/01919512.2014.921565
Plumlee, Megan H. ; Stanford, Benjamin D. ; Debroux, Jean François ; Hopkins, D. Cory ; Snyder, Shane A. / Costs of Advanced Treatment in Water Reclamation. In: Ozone: Science and Engineering. 2014 ; Vol. 36, No. 5. pp. 485-495.
@article{ce69163ff4464b7d9dce38f05a3fb7de,
title = "Costs of Advanced Treatment in Water Reclamation",
abstract = "The additional removal of trace organic contaminants (TOrCs) provided by advanced water and wastewater treatment inevitably requires additional financial costs, which must be estimated to support utility planning and compare alternatives. This study presents conceptual-level (Class 4) capital and annual operations and maintenance (O&M) cost curve equations to aid evaluations of advanced treatment trains for water reuse. The cost curve equations are broadly applicable to the water reuse community, particularly those interested in ozone-based treatment trains. Unit processes include microfiltration or ultrafiltration membranes (MF/UF), nanofiltration or reverse osmosis membranes (NF/RO), ozone (with or without hydrogen peroxide, H2O2), ultraviolet (UV) treatment with H2O2 (UV/H2O2), and biological activated carbon (BAC); all cost curves are for a unit process and can be added together to obtain costs for a combined treatment train. The cost curves indicate that at all plant capacities (1 to 500 MGD), membrane treatment (e.g., MF or RO) represents the highest cost unit process, ozone the least, and BAC or UV/H2O2 fall in between. Additionally, the relationship between ozone dose and TOrC removal is discussed with a demonstration of how costs change with increasing ozone dose to achieve desired TOrC destruction.",
keywords = "Advanced Treatment Costs, Membranes, Trace Organic Contaminants, Ozone, Water Reuse",
author = "Plumlee, {Megan H.} and Stanford, {Benjamin D.} and Debroux, {Jean Fran{\cc}ois} and Hopkins, {D. Cory} and Snyder, {Shane A}",
year = "2014",
month = "9",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1080/01919512.2014.921565",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "36",
pages = "485--495",
journal = "Ozone: Science and Engineering",
issn = "0191-9512",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Costs of Advanced Treatment in Water Reclamation

AU - Plumlee, Megan H.

AU - Stanford, Benjamin D.

AU - Debroux, Jean François

AU - Hopkins, D. Cory

AU - Snyder, Shane A

PY - 2014/9/3

Y1 - 2014/9/3

N2 - The additional removal of trace organic contaminants (TOrCs) provided by advanced water and wastewater treatment inevitably requires additional financial costs, which must be estimated to support utility planning and compare alternatives. This study presents conceptual-level (Class 4) capital and annual operations and maintenance (O&M) cost curve equations to aid evaluations of advanced treatment trains for water reuse. The cost curve equations are broadly applicable to the water reuse community, particularly those interested in ozone-based treatment trains. Unit processes include microfiltration or ultrafiltration membranes (MF/UF), nanofiltration or reverse osmosis membranes (NF/RO), ozone (with or without hydrogen peroxide, H2O2), ultraviolet (UV) treatment with H2O2 (UV/H2O2), and biological activated carbon (BAC); all cost curves are for a unit process and can be added together to obtain costs for a combined treatment train. The cost curves indicate that at all plant capacities (1 to 500 MGD), membrane treatment (e.g., MF or RO) represents the highest cost unit process, ozone the least, and BAC or UV/H2O2 fall in between. Additionally, the relationship between ozone dose and TOrC removal is discussed with a demonstration of how costs change with increasing ozone dose to achieve desired TOrC destruction.

AB - The additional removal of trace organic contaminants (TOrCs) provided by advanced water and wastewater treatment inevitably requires additional financial costs, which must be estimated to support utility planning and compare alternatives. This study presents conceptual-level (Class 4) capital and annual operations and maintenance (O&M) cost curve equations to aid evaluations of advanced treatment trains for water reuse. The cost curve equations are broadly applicable to the water reuse community, particularly those interested in ozone-based treatment trains. Unit processes include microfiltration or ultrafiltration membranes (MF/UF), nanofiltration or reverse osmosis membranes (NF/RO), ozone (with or without hydrogen peroxide, H2O2), ultraviolet (UV) treatment with H2O2 (UV/H2O2), and biological activated carbon (BAC); all cost curves are for a unit process and can be added together to obtain costs for a combined treatment train. The cost curves indicate that at all plant capacities (1 to 500 MGD), membrane treatment (e.g., MF or RO) represents the highest cost unit process, ozone the least, and BAC or UV/H2O2 fall in between. Additionally, the relationship between ozone dose and TOrC removal is discussed with a demonstration of how costs change with increasing ozone dose to achieve desired TOrC destruction.

KW - Advanced Treatment Costs

KW - Membranes, Trace Organic Contaminants

KW - Ozone

KW - Water Reuse

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84898628968&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84898628968&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/01919512.2014.921565

DO - 10.1080/01919512.2014.921565

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84898628968

VL - 36

SP - 485

EP - 495

JO - Ozone: Science and Engineering

JF - Ozone: Science and Engineering

SN - 0191-9512

IS - 5

ER -