Crazing in polypropylene

B. Z. Jang, D. R. Uhlmann, J. B. Vander Sande

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

The subject of crazing in crystalline polymers is reviewed and specific consideration given to crazing in polypropylene (PP). Tensile tests conducted over a wide spectrum of temperatures and strain rates indicate that, for a given test temperature, there exists a critical strain rate above which crazing is the dominant deformation mode of PP. Similarly, for a given strain rate, there exists a critical temperature which demarcates crazing from shear yielding as the characteristic process of deformation. High deformation rates and low temperatures favor crazing, while low rates and high temperatures favor shear yielding. Crazes in crystalline PP were found to be morphologically similar to those in glassy polymers: high reflectivity, large area‐to‐thickness ratio, and planarity. They have a higher tendency to bifurcate than those in glassy polymers. Two types of craze fibrils could be identified: those parallel to σ11, and the randomly oriented interconnecting fibrils. It is demonstrated that microtome‐trimming at low temperature followed by suitable chemical treatment is an effective technique of sample preparation for SEM examination of craze morphology in crystalline polymers. Further evidence has been provided that crazes in spherulitic polymers do not in general follow an interspherulitie path, but propagate through spherulites. The length of a craze in PP is not restricted to one spherulite diameter, nor does it grow radially.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)98-104
Number of pages7
JournalPolymer Engineering & Science
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1985
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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