Creating macroscopic atomic Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen states from Bose-Einstein condensates

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Abstract

A simple scheme to create a macroscopic Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) correlated atomic state is proposed and analyzed. Such a state possesses a nonlocal entanglement and is maximally squeezed, in the sense that the fluctuations of the z component of its quasispin vanish. The study shows that an elongated spinor condensate with large aspect ratio and large energy difference between spin-0 and spin-(±1) states is the best candidate to create such a state. The correlations between the atomic ensembles arise from the nonlinear atom-atom interaction among the condensate atoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3987-3990
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume85
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 6 2000

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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