Cretaceous to Middle Cenozoic Exhumation History of the Cordillera de Domeyko and Salar de Atacama Basin, Northern Chile

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7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Spatiotemporal patterns of deformation and exhumation in the central Andes are key parameters for reconstructing the kinematic history of the orogenic belt. Previous studies of the retroarc thrust belt document overall eastward propagation of deformation since the late Eocene, but the amount and timing of exhumation during the early phase of Andean orogeny remains largely unconstrained, particularly in the modern forearc region. In order to determine the timing and amount of exhumation prior to the late Eocene, we employed a multidating approach combining zircon U-Pb geochronology with apatite fission track and apatite (U-Th)/He thermochronology. We focus on the low-temperature cooling history of the Cordillera de Domeyko thrust belt and synorogenic deposits in the Salar de Atacama basin. Our results show Late Cretaceous to Oligocene cooling and exhumation in the Cordillera de Domeyko. The distribution of cooling ages in the forearc indicates three periods of exhumation: ~86–65, ~65–50, and 50–28 Ma. The amount of cooling was variable in space and time but requires total exhumation of ~2.5–3.3 km of rocks above major structures in the thrust belt. Regional unconformities in the Salar de Atacama basin correlate with periods of eastward migration of the orogenic front at ~65 Ma and ~50–40 Ma. Pulses of deformation at the front of the thrust belt alternated with periods of out-of-sequence hinterland deformation and exhumation. Overall, our data show that shortening in the central Andes commenced during the Late Cretaceous (as early as ~86 Ma) and that deformation (shortening) and exhumation were coupled in space and time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)395-416
Number of pages22
JournalTectonics
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2019

Keywords

  • Cordillera de Domeyko
  • Salar de Atacama
  • forearc
  • foreland basin
  • thermochronology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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