Criminal victimization among primary care medical patients: Prevalence, incidence, and physician usage

Mary P. Koss, W. J. Woodruff, Paul G. Koss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

81 Scopus citations

Abstract

The study addressed the extent to which primary care physicians encounter crime victims in their practices. Crime prevalence and incidence rates were calculated from responses to a mailed survey of 2,291 women medical patients (45% response rate). The prevalence of crime victimization was 57%. The 12 month incidence of violent crime was 118 per 1,000 patients. Most notable was the finding that rape incidence was approximately 15 times higher than National Crime Survey estimates for women, even after adjustment for telescoping. Post‐crime physician usage was documented by medical chart review. Although few crime victims required hospitalization for injuries, virtually all made out‐patient physician visits in each of two post‐crime years. The findings suggest that physicians are an important potential source of assistance for traumatized crime victims.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)85-96
Number of pages12
JournalBehavioral Sciences & the Law
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Law

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