The isolation, identification, and actions of crustacean cardioactive peptide (CCAP) have been examined in the sphinx moth Manduca sexta. A sensitive and specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to quantify CCAP-like immunoreactivity in the nervous system. The CCAP-like immunoreactivity from the abdominal CNS was then purified, and its sequence was ascertained by amino acid analysis, mass spectral analysis, and HPLC. These studies showed that the nervous system of M. sexta contains a peptide with the sequence Pro-Phe-Cys-Asn-Ala-Phe-Thr-Gly-Cys-NH2, identical to CCAP originally isolated and sequenced from the shore crab Carcinus maenas. The actions of CCAP on the isolated heart of M. sexta and the extensor-tibia muscle of Schistocerca americana were tested. Crustacean cardioactive peptide had excitatory actions on both preparations: a dose-dependent increase in the rate of contractions was observed on the heart, and an increase in the rate of the myogenic rhythm was observed in the leg muscle. Moreover, purified and synthetic CCAP had identical effects on the isolated heart. We conclude that CCAP occurs in M. sexta and exerts potent neurotransmitter or neurohormonal actions on a variety of muscles.
- Cardioactive peptide
- Manduca sexta
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience