Cryogenics on the stratospheric terahertz observatory (STO)

G. Mills, A. Young, R. Dominguez, B. Duffy, C. Kulesa, Christopher K Walker

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The Stratospheric TeraHertz Observatory (STO) is a NASA funded, Long Duration Balloon experiment designed to address a key problem in modern astrophysics: understanding the Life Cycle of the Interstellar Medium. STO surveys a section of the Galactic plane in the dominant interstellar cooling line at 1.9 THz and the important star formation tracer at 1.46 THz, at ~1 arc minute angular resolution, sufficient to spatially resolve atomic, ionic, and molecular clouds at 10 kpc. The STO instrument package uses a liquid helium cryostat to maintain the THz receiver at <9 K and to cool the low noise amplifiers to <20 K. The first STO mission (STO-1) flew in January of 2012 and the second mission (STO-2) is planned for December 2015. For the STO-2 flight a cryocooler will be added to extend the mission lifetime. This paper discusses the integration of the STO instrument into an existing cryostat and the cryogenic aspects of the launch and operation of the STO balloon mission in the challenging Antarctic environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
PublisherInstitute of Physics Publishing
Volume101
Edition1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 18 2015
Event2015 Joint Cryogenic Engineering and International Cryogenic Materials Conferences, CEC/ICMC 2015 - Tucson, United States
Duration: Jun 28 2015Jul 2 2015

Other

Other2015 Joint Cryogenic Engineering and International Cryogenic Materials Conferences, CEC/ICMC 2015
CountryUnited States
CityTucson
Period6/28/157/2/15

Fingerprint

Upper atmosphere
Observatories
Cryogenics
Cryostats
Balloons
Astrophysics
Helium
Low noise amplifiers
Stars
NASA
Life cycle
Cooling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Mills, G., Young, A., Dominguez, R., Duffy, B., Kulesa, C., & Walker, C. K. (2015). Cryogenics on the stratospheric terahertz observatory (STO). In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (1 ed., Vol. 101). [012131] Institute of Physics Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/101/1/012131

Cryogenics on the stratospheric terahertz observatory (STO). / Mills, G.; Young, A.; Dominguez, R.; Duffy, B.; Kulesa, C.; Walker, Christopher K.

IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. Vol. 101 1. ed. Institute of Physics Publishing, 2015. 012131.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Mills, G, Young, A, Dominguez, R, Duffy, B, Kulesa, C & Walker, CK 2015, Cryogenics on the stratospheric terahertz observatory (STO). in IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 1 edn, vol. 101, 012131, Institute of Physics Publishing, 2015 Joint Cryogenic Engineering and International Cryogenic Materials Conferences, CEC/ICMC 2015, Tucson, United States, 6/28/15. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/101/1/012131
Mills G, Young A, Dominguez R, Duffy B, Kulesa C, Walker CK. Cryogenics on the stratospheric terahertz observatory (STO). In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 1 ed. Vol. 101. Institute of Physics Publishing. 2015. 012131 https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/101/1/012131
Mills, G. ; Young, A. ; Dominguez, R. ; Duffy, B. ; Kulesa, C. ; Walker, Christopher K. / Cryogenics on the stratospheric terahertz observatory (STO). IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. Vol. 101 1. ed. Institute of Physics Publishing, 2015.
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