Cryosphere/ocean interactions at the margin of the Laurentide Ice Sheet during the Younger Dryas Chron: SE Baffin Shelf, northwest Territories

J. T. Andrews, L. W. Evans, K. M. Williams, W. M. Briggs, A. J.T. Jull, H. Erlenkeuser, I. Hardy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cores HU82‐034‐057 and HU84‐035‐008, Resolution Basin, SE Baffin Shelf, contain 200 and 450 cm, respectively, of sediment that spans the Younger Dryas chron. In both cores the interval is bracketed by 14C dates on foraminifera or molluscs. These sites were close to the margin of the late Wisconsin (Foxe) ice sheet as it flowed toward the Labrador Sea. Prior to 11 ka, both cores record moderate to high accumulations of foraminifera, relatively high del 18O values in planktonic foraminifera, and low values of detrital carbonate. The diatom and percent opal records imply occasional seasonally open water conditions. During part of the Younger Dryas chron both the diatom and opal analyses imply a shutoff of biogenic silica production, suggesting surface water conditions affected by increased sea ice and/or reduced nutrients. In addition, the Younger Dryas interval is marked by an increase in coarse sand and detrital carbonate, a decrease in total organic carbon and foraminifera, and high rates of sediment accumulation. The inferred environment during the Younger Dryas is ice‐proximal. In HU82‐034‐057, the foraminifera and other data suggest a change in conditions during the middle part of the Younger Dryas chron.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)921-935
Number of pages15
JournalPaleoceanography
Volume5
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

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cryosphere
Laurentide Ice Sheet
Younger Dryas
foraminifera
ocean
opal
diatom
carbonate
planktonic foraminifera
open water
mollusc
sediment
total organic carbon
ice sheet
sea ice
silica
surface water
sand
nutrient
basin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

Cryosphere/ocean interactions at the margin of the Laurentide Ice Sheet during the Younger Dryas Chron : SE Baffin Shelf, northwest Territories. / Andrews, J. T.; Evans, L. W.; Williams, K. M.; Briggs, W. M.; Jull, A. J.T.; Erlenkeuser, H.; Hardy, I.

In: Paleoceanography, Vol. 5, No. 6, 1990, p. 921-935.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Andrews, J. T. ; Evans, L. W. ; Williams, K. M. ; Briggs, W. M. ; Jull, A. J.T. ; Erlenkeuser, H. ; Hardy, I. / Cryosphere/ocean interactions at the margin of the Laurentide Ice Sheet during the Younger Dryas Chron : SE Baffin Shelf, northwest Territories. In: Paleoceanography. 1990 ; Vol. 5, No. 6. pp. 921-935.
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