CUL3 and NRF2 mutations confer an NRF2 activation phenotype in a sporadic form of papillary renal cell carcinoma

Aikseng Ooi, Karl Dykema, Asif Ansari, David Petillo, John Snider, Richard Kahnoski, John Anema, David Craig, John Carpten, Bin Tean Teh, Kyle A. Furge

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84 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sustained activation of the stress-regulated transcription factor NRF2 (NFE2L2) is a prominent feature of many types of cancer, implying that mutations driving NRF2 may be important to tumor progression. In hereditary type 2 papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC2, also known as hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer), NRF2 activation is a direct consequence of the accumulation of intracellular fumarate, a result of fumarate hydratase (FH) inactivation, but it is not clear how NRF2 may be activated in sporadic forms of PRCC2. Here we show that somatic mutations in NRF2, CUL3, and SIRT1 are responsible for driving the NRF2 activation phenotype in sporadic PRCC2. Transcriptome sequencing revealed the expression pattern of mutant alleles of NRF2, CUL3, and SIRT1 and also confirmed NRF2 activation in clinical specimens. Our results show a convergence in somatic mutations in sporadic PRCC2 with FH mutation in hereditary PRCC2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2044-2051
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Research
Volume73
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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