Culture and co-creation: Exploring consumers' inspirations and aspirations for writing and posting on-line fan fiction

Clinton D. Lanier, Hope Jensen Schau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations


This paper explores how consumers use the media products of mass culture to co-create the meanings of popular culture. Specifically, we examine both why and how Harry Potter fans utilize the primary texts written by J.K. Rowling to co-create their own fan fiction. Towards this end, we utilize Kenneth Burke's dramatistic method to explore the pattern of literary elements in both the original texts and the fan fiction. We argue that the primary impetus for consumers to engage in the co-creation of these texts is found in their ability to emphasize different ratios of literary elements in order to express their individual and collective desires. Through this process, fans utilize and contribute to the meta-textual meaning surrounding these primary focal texts and propel the original products of mass culture to the cultural texts of popular culture.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)321-342
Number of pages22
JournalResearch in Consumer Behavior
StatePublished - 2007


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)
  • Marketing

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