We report in this work the expression and characterization of class I molecules expressed as single-chain trimers consisting of an antigenic peptide-spacer-β2-microglobulin-spacer H chain. Our results indicate that these single-chain constructs assemble efficiently, maintain their covalent structure, and are unusually stable at the cell surface. Consequently, these constructs are at least 1000-fold less accessible to exogenous peptide than class I molecules loaded with endogenous peptides, and they are potent simulators of peptide-specific CTL and Abs. Our combined findings suggest that single-chain trimers may have applications as DNA vaccines against virus infection or tumors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy