Dark Energy Survey Year 1 results: Validation of weak lensing cluster member contamination estimates from P(z) decomposition

T. N. Varga, J. DeRose, D. Gruen, T. McClintock, S. Seitz, E. Rozo, M. Costanzi, B. Hoyle, N. MacCrann, A. A. Plazas, E. S. Rykoff, M. Simet, A. Von Der Linden, R. H. Wechsler, J. Annis, S. Avila, E. Bertin, D. Brooks, E. Buckley-Geer, D. L. BurkeA. Carnero Rosell, M. Carrasco Kind, J. Carretero, C. E. Cunha, C. B. D'Andrea, L. N. Da Costa, J. De Vicente, S. Desai, H. T. Diehl, J. P. Dietrich, P. Doel, A. E. Evrard, B. Flaugher, P. Fosalba, J. Frieman, J. García-Bellido, E. Gaztanaga, D. W. Gerdes, R. A. Gruendl, J. Gschwend, G. Gutierrez, W. G. Hartley, D. L. Hollowood, K. Honscheid, D. J. James, T. Jeltema, K. Kuehn, N. Kuropatkin, M. Lima, M. A.G. Maia, M. March, J. L. Marshall, P. Melchior, F. Menanteau, C. J. Miller, R. Miquel, R. L.C. Ogando, A. K. Romer, E. Sanchez, V. Scarpine, M. Schubnell, S. Serrano, I. Sevilla-Noarbe, M. Smith, F. Sobreira, E. Suchyta, M. E.C. Swanson, G. Tarle, D. Thomas, D. L. Tucker, Y. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Weak lensing source galaxy catalogues used in estimating the masses of galaxy clusters can be heavily contaminated by cluster members, prohibiting accurate mass calibration. In this study, we test the performance of an estimator for the extent of cluster member contamination based on decomposing the photometric redshift P(z) of source galaxies into contaminating and background components.We perform a full scale mock analysis on a simulated sky survey approximately mirroring the observational properties of the Dark Energy Survey Year One observations (DES Y1), and find excellent agreement between the true number profile of contaminating cluster member galaxies in the simulation and the estimated one. We further apply the method to estimate the cluster member contamination for the DES Y1 redMaPPer cluster mass calibration analysis, and compare the results to an alternative approach based on the angular correlation of weak lensing source galaxies. We find indications that the correlation based estimates are biased by the selection of the weak lensing sources in the cluster vicinity, which does not strongly impact the P(z) decomposition method. Collectively, these benchmarks demonstrate the strength of the P(z) decomposition method in alleviating membership contamination and enabling highly accurate cluster weak lensing studies without broad exclusion of source galaxies, thereby improving the total constraining power of cluster mass calibration via weak lensing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2511-2524
Number of pages14
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume489
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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dark energy
contamination
decomposition
estimates
calibration
galaxies
energy
simulation
exclusion
angular correlation
method
estimators
catalogs
indication
estimating
analysis
profiles

Keywords

  • Cosmology: Observations
  • Galaxies: Clusters: General
  • Gravitational lensing: weak

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Dark Energy Survey Year 1 results : Validation of weak lensing cluster member contamination estimates from P(z) decomposition. / Varga, T. N.; DeRose, J.; Gruen, D.; McClintock, T.; Seitz, S.; Rozo, E.; Costanzi, M.; Hoyle, B.; MacCrann, N.; Plazas, A. A.; Rykoff, E. S.; Simet, M.; Von Der Linden, A.; Wechsler, R. H.; Annis, J.; Avila, S.; Bertin, E.; Brooks, D.; Buckley-Geer, E.; Burke, D. L.; Carnero Rosell, A.; Carrasco Kind, M.; Carretero, J.; Cunha, C. E.; D'Andrea, C. B.; Da Costa, L. N.; De Vicente, J.; Desai, S.; Diehl, H. T.; Dietrich, J. P.; Doel, P.; Evrard, A. E.; Flaugher, B.; Fosalba, P.; Frieman, J.; García-Bellido, J.; Gaztanaga, E.; Gerdes, D. W.; Gruendl, R. A.; Gschwend, J.; Gutierrez, G.; Hartley, W. G.; Hollowood, D. L.; Honscheid, K.; James, D. J.; Jeltema, T.; Kuehn, K.; Kuropatkin, N.; Lima, M.; Maia, M. A.G.; March, M.; Marshall, J. L.; Melchior, P.; Menanteau, F.; Miller, C. J.; Miquel, R.; Ogando, R. L.C.; Romer, A. K.; Sanchez, E.; Scarpine, V.; Schubnell, M.; Serrano, S.; Sevilla-Noarbe, I.; Smith, M.; Sobreira, F.; Suchyta, E.; Swanson, M. E.C.; Tarle, G.; Thomas, D.; Tucker, D. L.; Zhang, Y.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 489, No. 2, 01.01.2019, p. 2511-2524.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Varga, TN, DeRose, J, Gruen, D, McClintock, T, Seitz, S, Rozo, E, Costanzi, M, Hoyle, B, MacCrann, N, Plazas, AA, Rykoff, ES, Simet, M, Von Der Linden, A, Wechsler, RH, Annis, J, Avila, S, Bertin, E, Brooks, D, Buckley-Geer, E, Burke, DL, Carnero Rosell, A, Carrasco Kind, M, Carretero, J, Cunha, CE, D'Andrea, CB, Da Costa, LN, De Vicente, J, Desai, S, Diehl, HT, Dietrich, JP, Doel, P, Evrard, AE, Flaugher, B, Fosalba, P, Frieman, J, García-Bellido, J, Gaztanaga, E, Gerdes, DW, Gruendl, RA, Gschwend, J, Gutierrez, G, Hartley, WG, Hollowood, DL, Honscheid, K, James, DJ, Jeltema, T, Kuehn, K, Kuropatkin, N, Lima, M, Maia, MAG, March, M, Marshall, JL, Melchior, P, Menanteau, F, Miller, CJ, Miquel, R, Ogando, RLC, Romer, AK, Sanchez, E, Scarpine, V, Schubnell, M, Serrano, S, Sevilla-Noarbe, I, Smith, M, Sobreira, F, Suchyta, E, Swanson, MEC, Tarle, G, Thomas, D, Tucker, DL & Zhang, Y 2019, 'Dark Energy Survey Year 1 results: Validation of weak lensing cluster member contamination estimates from P(z) decomposition', Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 489, no. 2, pp. 2511-2524. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz2185
Varga, T. N. ; DeRose, J. ; Gruen, D. ; McClintock, T. ; Seitz, S. ; Rozo, E. ; Costanzi, M. ; Hoyle, B. ; MacCrann, N. ; Plazas, A. A. ; Rykoff, E. S. ; Simet, M. ; Von Der Linden, A. ; Wechsler, R. H. ; Annis, J. ; Avila, S. ; Bertin, E. ; Brooks, D. ; Buckley-Geer, E. ; Burke, D. L. ; Carnero Rosell, A. ; Carrasco Kind, M. ; Carretero, J. ; Cunha, C. E. ; D'Andrea, C. B. ; Da Costa, L. N. ; De Vicente, J. ; Desai, S. ; Diehl, H. T. ; Dietrich, J. P. ; Doel, P. ; Evrard, A. E. ; Flaugher, B. ; Fosalba, P. ; Frieman, J. ; García-Bellido, J. ; Gaztanaga, E. ; Gerdes, D. W. ; Gruendl, R. A. ; Gschwend, J. ; Gutierrez, G. ; Hartley, W. G. ; Hollowood, D. L. ; Honscheid, K. ; James, D. J. ; Jeltema, T. ; Kuehn, K. ; Kuropatkin, N. ; Lima, M. ; Maia, M. A.G. ; March, M. ; Marshall, J. L. ; Melchior, P. ; Menanteau, F. ; Miller, C. J. ; Miquel, R. ; Ogando, R. L.C. ; Romer, A. K. ; Sanchez, E. ; Scarpine, V. ; Schubnell, M. ; Serrano, S. ; Sevilla-Noarbe, I. ; Smith, M. ; Sobreira, F. ; Suchyta, E. ; Swanson, M. E.C. ; Tarle, G. ; Thomas, D. ; Tucker, D. L. ; Zhang, Y. / Dark Energy Survey Year 1 results : Validation of weak lensing cluster member contamination estimates from P(z) decomposition. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2019 ; Vol. 489, No. 2. pp. 2511-2524.
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abstract = "Weak lensing source galaxy catalogues used in estimating the masses of galaxy clusters can be heavily contaminated by cluster members, prohibiting accurate mass calibration. In this study, we test the performance of an estimator for the extent of cluster member contamination based on decomposing the photometric redshift P(z) of source galaxies into contaminating and background components.We perform a full scale mock analysis on a simulated sky survey approximately mirroring the observational properties of the Dark Energy Survey Year One observations (DES Y1), and find excellent agreement between the true number profile of contaminating cluster member galaxies in the simulation and the estimated one. We further apply the method to estimate the cluster member contamination for the DES Y1 redMaPPer cluster mass calibration analysis, and compare the results to an alternative approach based on the angular correlation of weak lensing source galaxies. We find indications that the correlation based estimates are biased by the selection of the weak lensing sources in the cluster vicinity, which does not strongly impact the P(z) decomposition method. Collectively, these benchmarks demonstrate the strength of the P(z) decomposition method in alleviating membership contamination and enabling highly accurate cluster weak lensing studies without broad exclusion of source galaxies, thereby improving the total constraining power of cluster mass calibration via weak lensing.",
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T1 - Dark Energy Survey Year 1 results

T2 - Validation of weak lensing cluster member contamination estimates from P(z) decomposition

AU - Varga, T. N.

AU - DeRose, J.

AU - Gruen, D.

AU - McClintock, T.

AU - Seitz, S.

AU - Rozo, E.

AU - Costanzi, M.

AU - Hoyle, B.

AU - MacCrann, N.

AU - Plazas, A. A.

AU - Rykoff, E. S.

AU - Simet, M.

AU - Von Der Linden, A.

AU - Wechsler, R. H.

AU - Annis, J.

AU - Avila, S.

AU - Bertin, E.

AU - Brooks, D.

AU - Buckley-Geer, E.

AU - Burke, D. L.

AU - Carnero Rosell, A.

AU - Carrasco Kind, M.

AU - Carretero, J.

AU - Cunha, C. E.

AU - D'Andrea, C. B.

AU - Da Costa, L. N.

AU - De Vicente, J.

AU - Desai, S.

AU - Diehl, H. T.

AU - Dietrich, J. P.

AU - Doel, P.

AU - Evrard, A. E.

AU - Flaugher, B.

AU - Fosalba, P.

AU - Frieman, J.

AU - García-Bellido, J.

AU - Gaztanaga, E.

AU - Gerdes, D. W.

AU - Gruendl, R. A.

AU - Gschwend, J.

AU - Gutierrez, G.

AU - Hartley, W. G.

AU - Hollowood, D. L.

AU - Honscheid, K.

AU - James, D. J.

AU - Jeltema, T.

AU - Kuehn, K.

AU - Kuropatkin, N.

AU - Lima, M.

AU - Maia, M. A.G.

AU - March, M.

AU - Marshall, J. L.

AU - Melchior, P.

AU - Menanteau, F.

AU - Miller, C. J.

AU - Miquel, R.

AU - Ogando, R. L.C.

AU - Romer, A. K.

AU - Sanchez, E.

AU - Scarpine, V.

AU - Schubnell, M.

AU - Serrano, S.

AU - Sevilla-Noarbe, I.

AU - Smith, M.

AU - Sobreira, F.

AU - Suchyta, E.

AU - Swanson, M. E.C.

AU - Tarle, G.

AU - Thomas, D.

AU - Tucker, D. L.

AU - Zhang, Y.

PY - 2019/1/1

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AB - Weak lensing source galaxy catalogues used in estimating the masses of galaxy clusters can be heavily contaminated by cluster members, prohibiting accurate mass calibration. In this study, we test the performance of an estimator for the extent of cluster member contamination based on decomposing the photometric redshift P(z) of source galaxies into contaminating and background components.We perform a full scale mock analysis on a simulated sky survey approximately mirroring the observational properties of the Dark Energy Survey Year One observations (DES Y1), and find excellent agreement between the true number profile of contaminating cluster member galaxies in the simulation and the estimated one. We further apply the method to estimate the cluster member contamination for the DES Y1 redMaPPer cluster mass calibration analysis, and compare the results to an alternative approach based on the angular correlation of weak lensing source galaxies. We find indications that the correlation based estimates are biased by the selection of the weak lensing sources in the cluster vicinity, which does not strongly impact the P(z) decomposition method. Collectively, these benchmarks demonstrate the strength of the P(z) decomposition method in alleviating membership contamination and enabling highly accurate cluster weak lensing studies without broad exclusion of source galaxies, thereby improving the total constraining power of cluster mass calibration via weak lensing.

KW - Cosmology: Observations

KW - Galaxies: Clusters: General

KW - Gravitational lensing: weak

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