Dating of the Basal Aurignacian Sandwich at Abric Romani{dotless}́ (Catalunya, Spain) by Radiocarbon and Uranium-Series

James L. Bischoff, Kenneth Ludwig, José Francisco Garcia, E. Carbonell, Manola Vaquero, Thomas W. Stafford, A. J T Jull

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

101 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abric Romani{dotless}́, a rock shelter located near Barcelona, Spain, contains a charcoal-bearing basal Aurignacian occupation level sandwiched between beds of moss-generated carbonate. The Aurignacian culture is the oldest artefact industry in Europe with which anatomically modern human remains have been associated. Radiocarbon analysis of charcoal fragments by accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) dates the basal Aurignacian to about 37 ± 2 ka bp. U-series analyses by alpha spectrometry (AS) and mass spectrometry (MS) date the enclosing carbonate to 43 ± 1 ka bp. These results confirm the great antiquity of the Aurignacian in northern Spain and support the similar AMS dates from El Castillo and l'Arbreda caves. They also show that radiocarbon dates are significantly younger than U-series at 40 ka bp, as predicted by theory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)541-551
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Archaeological Science
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1994

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Spain
antiquity
artifact
occupation
industry
Radiocarbon
Uranium Series
Catalunya
Abric Romaní
Accelerator Mass Spectrometry
Carbonate
Charcoal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • History

Cite this

Dating of the Basal Aurignacian Sandwich at Abric Romani{dotless}́ (Catalunya, Spain) by Radiocarbon and Uranium-Series. / Bischoff, James L.; Ludwig, Kenneth; Garcia, José Francisco; Carbonell, E.; Vaquero, Manola; Stafford, Thomas W.; Jull, A. J T.

In: Journal of Archaeological Science, Vol. 21, No. 4, 07.1994, p. 541-551.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bischoff, James L. ; Ludwig, Kenneth ; Garcia, José Francisco ; Carbonell, E. ; Vaquero, Manola ; Stafford, Thomas W. ; Jull, A. J T. / Dating of the Basal Aurignacian Sandwich at Abric Romani{dotless}́ (Catalunya, Spain) by Radiocarbon and Uranium-Series. In: Journal of Archaeological Science. 1994 ; Vol. 21, No. 4. pp. 541-551.
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