De-novo biosynthesis of chlorinated aromatics by the white-rot fungus Bjerkandera sp. BOS55 Formation of 3-chloro-anisaldehyde from glucose

Ed de Jong, Jim A. Field, Jacobus A.F.M. Dings, Joannes B.P.A. Wijnberg, Jan A.M. de Bont

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

The white-rot fungus Bjerkandera sp. BOS55 produced de-novo several aromatic metabolites. Besides veratryl alcohol and veratraldehyde, compounds which are known to be involved in the ligninolytic system of several other white-rot fungi, other metabolites were formed. These included anisaldehyde, 3-chloro-anisaldehyde and a yet unknown compound containing two chlorine atoms. Additionally GC/MS analysis revealed the production of small amounts of anisyl alcohol and 3-chloro-anisyl alcohol. After 14 days, the extracellular fluid of Bjerkandera BOS55 contained 100 μM veratraldehyde and 50 μM 3-chloro-anisaldehyde. This is the first report of de-novo biosynthesis of simple chlorinated aromatic compounds by a white-rot fungus. Anisaldehyde and 3-chloro-anisaldehyde were also produced by Bjerkandera adusta but not by Phanerochaete chrysosporium.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)220-224
Number of pages5
JournalFEBS Letters
Volume305
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 6 1992
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anisaldehyde, 3-Chloro-anisaldehyde
  • Bjerkandera
  • Lignin degradation
  • Phanerochaete chrysosporium
  • Veratryl alcohol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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