Deaf community analysis for health education priorities

Elaine G. Jones, Ralph Renger, Rob Firestone

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Deaf persons' access to health-related information is limited by barriers to spoken or written language: they cannot overhear information; they have limited access to television, radio, and other channels for public information; and the average reading level of Deaf adults is at a 3rd to 4 th grade level. However, literature searches revealed no published reports of community analysis focusing specifically on health education priorities for Deaf communities. A seven-step community analysis was conducted to learn the health education priorities in Arizona Deaf communities and to inform development of culturally relevant health education interventions in Deaf communities. The word Deaf rdquo; is capitalized to reflect the cultural perspective of the Deaf community. A 14-member Deaf Health Committee collected data using multimethods that included review of state census data, review of national health priorities, key informant interviews, discussions with key community groups, a mail survey (n = 20), and semistructured interviews conducted in sign language with 111 Deaf adults. The community diagnosis with highest priority for health education was vulnerability to cardiovascular disease (CVD). Following completion of the community analysis, a heart-health education intervention (The Deaf Heart Health Intervention) was developed using a train-the-trainer, community health worker model. If this model proves to be effective in addressing vulnerability to CVD, then a similar protocol could be employed to address other health concerns identified in the Deaf community analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-35
Number of pages9
JournalPublic Health Nursing
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2005

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Community analysis
  • Deaf
  • Health education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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