Debris disk results from the gemini planet imager exoplanet survey's polarimetric imaging campaign

Thomas M. Esposito, Paul Kalas, Paul Kalas, Paul Kalas, Michael P. Fitzgerald, Maxwell A. Millar-Blanchaer, Gaspard Duch ne, Gaspard Duch ne, Jennifer Patience, Justin Hom, Marshall D. Perrin, Robert J. De Rosa, Eugene Chiang, Eugene Chiang, Ian Czekala, Bruce Macintosh, James R. Graham, Megan Ansdell, Pauline Arriaga, Sebastian BruzzoneJoanna Bulger, Christine H. Chen, Tara Cotten, Ruobing Dong, Zachary H. Draper, Zachary H. Draper, Katherine B. Follette, Li Wei Hung, Ronald Lopez, Brenda C. Matthews, Brenda C. Matthews, Johan Mazoyer, Stan Metchev, Stan Metchev, Julien Rameau, Bin Ren, Bin Ren, Malena Rice, Inseok Song, Kevin Stahl, Jason Wang, Jason Wang, Schuyler Wolff, Ben Zuckerman, S. Mark Ammons, Vanessa P. Bailey, Travis Barman, Jeffrey Chilcote, Jeffrey Chilcote, Rene Doyon, Benjamin L. Gerard, Benjamin L. Gerard, Stephen J. Goodsell, Alexandra Z. Greenbaum, Pascale Hibon, Sasha Hinkley, Patrick Ingraham, Quinn Konopacky, Jérôme Maire, Franck Marchis, Mark S. Marley, Christian Marois, Christian Marois, Eric L. Nielsen, Eric L. Nielsen, Rebecca Oppenheimer, David Palmer, Lisa Poyneer, Laurent Pueyo, Abhijith Rajan, Fredrik T. Rantakyrö, Jean Baptiste Ruffio, Dmitry Savransky, Adam C. Schneider, Anand Sivaramakrishnan, Rémi Soummer, Sandrine Thomas, Kimberly Ward-Duong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We report the results of a ∼4 yr direct imaging survey of 104 stars to resolve and characterize circumstellar debris disks in scattered light as part of the Gemini Planet Imager (GPI) Exoplanet Survey. We targeted nearby (≲150 pc), young (≲500 Myr) stars with high infrared (IR) excesses (L IR/L ∗ > 10-5), including 38 with previously resolved disks. Observations were made using the GPI high-contrast integral field spectrograph in H-band (1.6 μm) coronagraphic polarimetry mode to measure both polarized and total intensities. We resolved 26 debris disks and 3 protoplanetary/transitional disks. Seven debris disks were resolved in scattered light for the first time, including newly presented HD 117214 and HD 156623, and we quantified basic morphologies of five of them using radiative transfer models. All of our detected debris disks except HD 156623 have dust-poor inner holes, and their scattered-light radii are generally larger than corresponding radii measured from resolved thermal emission and those inferred from spectral energy distributions. To assess sensitivity, we report contrasts and consider causes of nondetections. Detections were strongly correlated with high IR excess and high inclination, although polarimetry outperformed total intensity angular differential imaging for detecting low-inclination disks (≲70°). Based on postsurvey statistics, we improved upon our presurvey target prioritization metric predicting polarimetric disk detectability. We also examined scattered-light disks in the contexts of gas, far-IR, and millimeter detections. Comparing H-band and ALMA fluxes for two disks revealed tentative evidence for differing grain properties. Finally, we found no preference for debris disks to be detected in scattered light if wide-separation substellar companions were present.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number24
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume160
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Esposito, T. M., Kalas, P., Kalas, P., Kalas, P., Fitzgerald, M. P., Millar-Blanchaer, M. A., Duch ne, G., Duch ne, G., Patience, J., Hom, J., Perrin, M. D., De Rosa, R. J., Chiang, E., Chiang, E., Czekala, I., Macintosh, B., Graham, J. R., Ansdell, M., Arriaga, P., ... Ward-Duong, K. (2020). Debris disk results from the gemini planet imager exoplanet survey's polarimetric imaging campaign. Astronomical Journal, 160(1), [24]. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-3881/ab9199