Defensive and repressive coping styles: Self-presentation, leisure activities, and assessment

Thomas G. Plante, Gary E. Schwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to (1) extend previous research demonstrating the positive self-presentation styles of defensive and repressive subjects; (2) investigate the types and amounts of exercise and hobby activities as possible coping mechanisms among repressors; and (3) compare the Marlowe-Crowne (MC) and the EPI Lie (L) scales as measures of defensiveness. Personality, life stress, exercise, and hobby questionnaires were administered to 110 male college students. A structured telephone interview was also conducted to assess the reliability of their exercise and hobby self-report information and to further refine the assessment of these variables. Overall, the results support the notion that defensiveness and repression are associated with positive self-presentation styles and with types and amount of time spent in leisure activities. The results support the notion that the MC scale and L scale should not be used interchangeably to assess defensiveness. It is hypothesized that the MC and L scales measure different levels and aspects of defensiveness. Directions for future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)173-190
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

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