Defining and measuring reduction in unifacial stone tools

Metin I. Eren, Manuel Dominguez-Rodrigo, Steven L Kuhn, Daniel S. Adler, Ian Le, Ofer Bar-Yosef

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

67 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Observations pertaining to particular stages of the lithic chaîne opératoire, or reconstructions of the entire operational sequence at a particular site, can be used to develop a detailed understanding of past human cognitive capabilities, technological sophistication, mobility, and land use. The "reduction sequence" is a specific stage of the chaîne opératoire that many archaeologists have attempted to measure. Many of these attempts fail to recognize that "reduction" is a three-dimensional process, and thus should be measured with an appropriate three-dimensional unit: Volume. This paper presents a new methodology for measuring and defining reduction in unifacial stone tools that reconstructs the original volume of a modified blank, allowing a realistic percentage of volume loss to be calculated. This new method is fast, precise, and very accurate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1190-1201
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Archaeological Science
Volume32
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2005

Fingerprint

reconstruction
land use
methodology
Stone Tools
Three-dimensional
Reduction Sequence
Sophistication
Archaeologists
Land Use
Lithics
Methodology

Keywords

  • Chaîne opératoire
  • Experimental archaeology
  • Lithic technology
  • Reduction sequence
  • Unifacial stone tools

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History
  • Archaeology

Cite this

Eren, M. I., Dominguez-Rodrigo, M., Kuhn, S. L., Adler, D. S., Le, I., & Bar-Yosef, O. (2005). Defining and measuring reduction in unifacial stone tools. Journal of Archaeological Science, 32(8), 1190-1201. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2005.03.003

Defining and measuring reduction in unifacial stone tools. / Eren, Metin I.; Dominguez-Rodrigo, Manuel; Kuhn, Steven L; Adler, Daniel S.; Le, Ian; Bar-Yosef, Ofer.

In: Journal of Archaeological Science, Vol. 32, No. 8, 08.2005, p. 1190-1201.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Eren, MI, Dominguez-Rodrigo, M, Kuhn, SL, Adler, DS, Le, I & Bar-Yosef, O 2005, 'Defining and measuring reduction in unifacial stone tools', Journal of Archaeological Science, vol. 32, no. 8, pp. 1190-1201. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2005.03.003
Eren, Metin I. ; Dominguez-Rodrigo, Manuel ; Kuhn, Steven L ; Adler, Daniel S. ; Le, Ian ; Bar-Yosef, Ofer. / Defining and measuring reduction in unifacial stone tools. In: Journal of Archaeological Science. 2005 ; Vol. 32, No. 8. pp. 1190-1201.
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