Definitive test of the Rh = ct universe using redshift drift

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9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The redshift drift of objects moving in the Hubble flow has been proposed as a powerful model-independent probe of the underlying cosmology. A measurement of the first- and second-order redshift derivatives appears to be well within the reach of upcoming surveys using as the Extremely Large Telescope high resolution spectrometer (ELT-HIRES) and the Square Kilometer Phase 2 Array (SKA). Here we show that an unambiguous prediction of the Rh = ct cosmology is zero drift at all redshifts, contrasting sharply with all other models in which the expansion rate is variable. For example, multiyear monitoring of sources at redshift z = 5 with the ELT-HIRES is expected to show a velocity shift Δv = -15 cm s-1 yr-1 due to the redshift drift in Planck ΛCDM, while Δv = 0 cm s-1 yr-1 in Rh = ct. With an anticipated ELT-HIRES measurement error of ±5 cm s-1 yr-1 after 5 yr, these upcoming redshift drift measurements might therefore be able to differentiate between Rh = ct and Planck ΛCDM at ~3σ, assuming that any possible source evolution is well understood. Such a result would provide the strongest evidence yet in favour of the Rh = ct cosmology. With a 20-yr baseline, these observations could favour one of these models over the other at better than 5σ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L61-L63
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters
Volume463
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 21 2016

Keywords

  • Cosmological parameters
  • Cosmology: observations
  • Cosmology: theory
  • Distance scale

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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