Deforestation and climate feedbacks threaten the ecological integrity of south-southeastern Amazonia

Michael T. Coe, Toby R. Marthews, Marcos Heil Costa, David R. Galbraith, Nora L. Greenglass, Hewlley M A Imbuzeiro, Naomi M. Levine, Yadvinder Malhi, Paul R. Moorcroft, Michel Nobre Muza, Thomas L. Powell, Scott Saleska, Luis A. Solorzano, Jingfeng Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

84 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A mosaic of protected areas, including indigenous lands, sustainable-use production forests and reserves and strictly protected forests is the cornerstone of conservation in the Amazon, with almost 50 per cent of the region now protected. However, recent research indicates that isolation from direct deforestation or degradation may not be sufficient to maintain the ecological integrity of Amazon forests over the next several decades. Large-scale changes in fire and drought regimes occurring as a result of deforestation and greenhouse gas increases may result in forest degradation, regardless of protected status. How severe or widespread these feedbacks will be is uncertain, but the arc of deforestation in south-southeastern Amazonia appears to be particularly vulnerable owing to high current deforestation rates and ecological sensitivity to climate change. Maintaining forest ecosystem integrity may require significant strengthening of forest conservation on private property, which can in part be accomplished by leveraging existing policy mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPhilosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological sciences
Volume368
Issue number1619
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 5 2013

Fingerprint

Deforestation
climate feedback
Conservation of Natural Resources
Amazonia
deforestation
Climate
Feedback
climate
Conservation
Degradation
degradation
Drought
timber production
greenhouse gases
Greenhouse gases
Climate change
forest ecosystems
Ecosystems
forest ecosystem
protected area

Keywords

  • Amazon ecology
  • Climate feedbacks
  • Deforestation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Deforestation and climate feedbacks threaten the ecological integrity of south-southeastern Amazonia. / Coe, Michael T.; Marthews, Toby R.; Costa, Marcos Heil; Galbraith, David R.; Greenglass, Nora L.; Imbuzeiro, Hewlley M A; Levine, Naomi M.; Malhi, Yadvinder; Moorcroft, Paul R.; Muza, Michel Nobre; Powell, Thomas L.; Saleska, Scott; Solorzano, Luis A.; Wang, Jingfeng.

In: Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological sciences, Vol. 368, No. 1619, 05.06.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Coe, MT, Marthews, TR, Costa, MH, Galbraith, DR, Greenglass, NL, Imbuzeiro, HMA, Levine, NM, Malhi, Y, Moorcroft, PR, Muza, MN, Powell, TL, Saleska, S, Solorzano, LA & Wang, J 2013, 'Deforestation and climate feedbacks threaten the ecological integrity of south-southeastern Amazonia', Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological sciences, vol. 368, no. 1619. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2012.0155
Coe, Michael T. ; Marthews, Toby R. ; Costa, Marcos Heil ; Galbraith, David R. ; Greenglass, Nora L. ; Imbuzeiro, Hewlley M A ; Levine, Naomi M. ; Malhi, Yadvinder ; Moorcroft, Paul R. ; Muza, Michel Nobre ; Powell, Thomas L. ; Saleska, Scott ; Solorzano, Luis A. ; Wang, Jingfeng. / Deforestation and climate feedbacks threaten the ecological integrity of south-southeastern Amazonia. In: Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological sciences. 2013 ; Vol. 368, No. 1619.
@article{c42cc59a94864f5db152dedf26a59b41,
title = "Deforestation and climate feedbacks threaten the ecological integrity of south-southeastern Amazonia",
abstract = "A mosaic of protected areas, including indigenous lands, sustainable-use production forests and reserves and strictly protected forests is the cornerstone of conservation in the Amazon, with almost 50 per cent of the region now protected. However, recent research indicates that isolation from direct deforestation or degradation may not be sufficient to maintain the ecological integrity of Amazon forests over the next several decades. Large-scale changes in fire and drought regimes occurring as a result of deforestation and greenhouse gas increases may result in forest degradation, regardless of protected status. How severe or widespread these feedbacks will be is uncertain, but the arc of deforestation in south-southeastern Amazonia appears to be particularly vulnerable owing to high current deforestation rates and ecological sensitivity to climate change. Maintaining forest ecosystem integrity may require significant strengthening of forest conservation on private property, which can in part be accomplished by leveraging existing policy mechanisms.",
keywords = "Amazon ecology, Climate feedbacks, Deforestation",
author = "Coe, {Michael T.} and Marthews, {Toby R.} and Costa, {Marcos Heil} and Galbraith, {David R.} and Greenglass, {Nora L.} and Imbuzeiro, {Hewlley M A} and Levine, {Naomi M.} and Yadvinder Malhi and Moorcroft, {Paul R.} and Muza, {Michel Nobre} and Powell, {Thomas L.} and Scott Saleska and Solorzano, {Luis A.} and Jingfeng Wang",
year = "2013",
month = "6",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1098/rstb.2012.0155",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "368",
journal = "Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological sciences",
issn = "0962-8436",
publisher = "Royal Society of London",
number = "1619",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Deforestation and climate feedbacks threaten the ecological integrity of south-southeastern Amazonia

AU - Coe, Michael T.

AU - Marthews, Toby R.

AU - Costa, Marcos Heil

AU - Galbraith, David R.

AU - Greenglass, Nora L.

AU - Imbuzeiro, Hewlley M A

AU - Levine, Naomi M.

AU - Malhi, Yadvinder

AU - Moorcroft, Paul R.

AU - Muza, Michel Nobre

AU - Powell, Thomas L.

AU - Saleska, Scott

AU - Solorzano, Luis A.

AU - Wang, Jingfeng

PY - 2013/6/5

Y1 - 2013/6/5

N2 - A mosaic of protected areas, including indigenous lands, sustainable-use production forests and reserves and strictly protected forests is the cornerstone of conservation in the Amazon, with almost 50 per cent of the region now protected. However, recent research indicates that isolation from direct deforestation or degradation may not be sufficient to maintain the ecological integrity of Amazon forests over the next several decades. Large-scale changes in fire and drought regimes occurring as a result of deforestation and greenhouse gas increases may result in forest degradation, regardless of protected status. How severe or widespread these feedbacks will be is uncertain, but the arc of deforestation in south-southeastern Amazonia appears to be particularly vulnerable owing to high current deforestation rates and ecological sensitivity to climate change. Maintaining forest ecosystem integrity may require significant strengthening of forest conservation on private property, which can in part be accomplished by leveraging existing policy mechanisms.

AB - A mosaic of protected areas, including indigenous lands, sustainable-use production forests and reserves and strictly protected forests is the cornerstone of conservation in the Amazon, with almost 50 per cent of the region now protected. However, recent research indicates that isolation from direct deforestation or degradation may not be sufficient to maintain the ecological integrity of Amazon forests over the next several decades. Large-scale changes in fire and drought regimes occurring as a result of deforestation and greenhouse gas increases may result in forest degradation, regardless of protected status. How severe or widespread these feedbacks will be is uncertain, but the arc of deforestation in south-southeastern Amazonia appears to be particularly vulnerable owing to high current deforestation rates and ecological sensitivity to climate change. Maintaining forest ecosystem integrity may require significant strengthening of forest conservation on private property, which can in part be accomplished by leveraging existing policy mechanisms.

KW - Amazon ecology

KW - Climate feedbacks

KW - Deforestation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84876491549&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84876491549&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1098/rstb.2012.0155

DO - 10.1098/rstb.2012.0155

M3 - Article

C2 - 23610166

AN - SCOPUS:84876491549

VL - 368

JO - Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological sciences

JF - Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological sciences

SN - 0962-8436

IS - 1619

ER -