Deletion of CD73 in mice leads to aortic valve dysfunction

P. Zukowska, B. Kutryb-Zajac, A. Jasztal, M. Toczek, M. Zabielska, T. Borkowski, Z. Khalpey, R. T. Smolenski, E. M. Slominska

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aortic stenosis is known to involve inflammation and thrombosis. Changes in activity of extracellular enzyme - ecto-5′-nucleotidase (referred also as CD73) can alter inflammatory and thrombotic responses. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of CD73 deletion in mice on development of aortic valve dysfunction and to compare it to the effect of high-fat diet. Four groups of mice (normal-diet Wild Type (WT), high-fat diet WT, normal diet CD73 −/−, high-fat diet CD73 −/−) were maintained for 15 weeks followed by echocardiographic analysis of aortic valve function, measurement of aortic surface activities of nucleotide catabolism enzymes as well as alkaline phosphatase activity, mineral composition and histology of aortic valve leaflets. CD73 −/− knock out led to an increase in peak aortic flow (1.06 ± 0.26 m/s) compared to WT (0.79 ± 0.26 m/s) indicating obstruction. Highest values of peak aortic flow (1.26 ± 0.31 m/s) were observed in high-fat diet CD73 −/− mice. Histological analysis showed morphological changes in CD73 −/− including thickening and accumulation of dark deposits, proved to be melanin. Concentrations of Ca2 +, Mg2 + and PO4 3 − in valve leaflets were elevated in CD73 −/− mice. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was enhanced after ATP treatment and reduced after adenosine treatment in aortas incubated in osteogenic medium. AMP hydrolysis in CD73 −/− was below 10% of WT. Activity of ecto-adenosine deaminase (eADA), responsible for adenosine deamination, in the CD73 −/− was 40% lower when compared to WT. Deletion of CD73 in mice leads to aortic valve dysfunction similar to that induced by high-fat diet suggesting important role of this surface protein in maintaining heart valve integrity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1464-1472
Number of pages9
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease
Volume1863
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

Keywords

  • Adenosine
  • Aortic stenosis
  • CD73 knock-out mice
  • Ecto-5′-nucleotidase
  • Inflammation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology

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