Delineation of a novel pre-B cell component in plasma cell myeloma: Immunochemical, immunophenotypic, genotypic, cytologic, cell culture, and kinetic features

T. M. Grogan, B. G.M. Durie, C. Lomen, C. Spier, D. P. Wirt, R. Nagle, G. S. Wilson, L. Richter, E. Vela, V. Maxey, K. McDaniel, RangelC.

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89 Scopus citations

Abstract

A novel pre-B component in direct and cultured myeloma bone marrow material has been delineated by using immunochemistry and flow cytometry techniques. Our phenotypic studies suggest a novel hybrid expression of pre-B and plasma cell antigens with coexpression of cytoplasmic μ, common acute lymphoblastic leukemia antigen, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase, and plasma cell antigens (PCA-1 and PC-1). This suggests that myeloma pre-B-like cells are aberrant malignant cells and not normal pre-B lymphocytic counterparts. With the advantage of a pure and stable source of these cells from M3 culture to allow molecular characterization, we performed one- and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and Western blotting. We found that the cytoplasmic μ in myeloma pre-B-like cells has a molecular weight of 74,000 daltons and an isoelectric point of 6.3 and that it is strikingly homogeneous and discrete in size and charge compared with standard secretory μ, which suggests an aberrant, mutant, or monoclonal form of μ. Monoclonality was further evidenced by heavy- and light-chain immunoglobulin gene rearrangements demonstrated with J(H) and C(K) probes. We also established that this novel myeloma pre-B component is a major proliferative element as determined by double-labeling experiments with phenotype coupled to labeling/proliferative indexes. Our stimulatory studies indicate some capacity of these cells to mature on exposure to phorbol esters. These myeloma pre-B cells may represent the stem cell or self-renewal component in myeloma. Our establishment of these cells in long-term culture offers a considerable asset in studying the immature cells, which may be critical to the immortalization of myeloma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)932-942
Number of pages11
JournalBlood
Volume70
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology

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    Grogan, T. M., Durie, B. G. M., Lomen, C., Spier, C., Wirt, D. P., Nagle, R., Wilson, G. S., Richter, L., Vela, E., Maxey, V., McDaniel, K., & RangelC. (1987). Delineation of a novel pre-B cell component in plasma cell myeloma: Immunochemical, immunophenotypic, genotypic, cytologic, cell culture, and kinetic features. Blood, 70(4), 932-942.