Objectives: Ischemia/reperfusion injury is a leading cause of renal damage which can be improved with antisense oligonucleotide gene therapy. We have shown that polyethylene glycol (PEG) hydrogel, which also functions as a tissue sealant, is an effective topical delivery vehicle for oligonucleotides in a murine partial nephrectomy model. The objective of this study was to use and evaluate this method against intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) to prevent tissue damage. Methods: Sixty mice underwent left upper pole partial nephrectomy with 45 minutes of warm ischemia, randomized to treatment with 50 μg ICAM-1 antisense oligonucleotides embedded in PEG hydrogel, no therapy, or sham surgery. Kidneys were harvested at 24 hours and 3, 4, and 5 days. The specimens were evaluated by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) for ICAM-1 messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA), immunohistochemical staining for ICAM-1 protein, and standard histology. Results: At 24 hours, qRT-PCR and immunohistochemistry data showed a significant reduction in ICAM-1 mRNA and protein expression in the antisense group versus the ischemia group, but no difference at 3 to 5 days. Histologically there was reduced inflammation and necrosis in the cortex at 24 hours. The outer and inner medulla also showed improvement at 3 to 5 days in the antisense group as opposed to the ischemia group. Conclusions: Topical PEG hydrogel delivery of antisense ICAM-1 oligonucleotides demonstrated decreased ICAM-1 mRNA expression, reduced ICAM-1 protein staining, and decreased cellular damage. The application of gene therapy through this novel topical delivery system holds potential for a highly specific, localized method of preventing tissue damage after ischemia/reperfusion injury.
ASJC Scopus subject areas