Dendrochronology and links to streamflow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Streamflow variability on timescales of decades to centuries becomes increasingly important as water managers grapple with shortages imposed by increasing demand and limited supply, and possibly exacerbated by climate change. Two applications of dendrochronology to the study of flow variability are illustrated for an existing 1244-yr reconstruction of annual flows of the Colorado River at Lees Ferry, Arizona, USA: (1) identification and climatological interpretation of rare flow events, and (2) assessment of vulnerability of water-supply systems to climatic variability. Analysis centers on a sustained drought of the mid-1100s characterized by persistent low flows on both the Colorado and Sacramento Rivers. Analysis of geopotential height anomalies during modern joint-droughts suggests more than one mode of circulation might accompany joint-drought in the two basins. Monte Carlo simulation is used to demonstrate that a drought as severe as that in the 1100s on the Colorado River might be expected about once in every 4-6 centuries by chance alone given the time-series properties of the modern gaged flows. Application of a river-management model suggests a mid-1100s-style drought, were it to occur today, would drop reservoir levels in Lake Mead to dead-pool within a few decades. Uncertainty presents challenges to accurately quantifying severe sustained droughts from streamflow reconstructions, especially early in the tree-ring record. Corroboration by multiple proxy records is essential. Future improvements are likely to require a combination of methodological advancements and expanded basic data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)200-209
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Hydrology
Volume412-413
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 4 2012

Keywords

  • Colorado River
  • Dendroclimatology
  • Drought
  • Exact simulation
  • Water supply

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology

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