Description and behaviour of Goniotropis kuntzeni larvae (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Paussinae: Ozaenini) and a key to genera of Paussinae larvae

Wendy Moore Brusca, Andrea Di Giulio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Goniotropis species are large, parallel-sided paussine beetles common in the New World tropics and ranging from southern Arizona to northern Argentina. Specimens of Goniotropis kuntzeni Bänninger were collected in southern Arizona and larvae were reared under laboratory conditions. The egg, first instar larva and second instar larva are described and illustrated, providing the first larval description for this genus. Goniotropis larvae live in burrows that they construct and seal with their terminal disk (which is composed of modified urogomphi and dorsal plates). They feed by trapping live insect prey with the moveable components of their terminal disk, and then they bring the captured prey into their gallery to consume. Burrowing and feeding behaviours of Goniotropis kuntzeni larva closely resemble those previously described for Pachyteles species. A key to the genera of paussine larvae is provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalZootaxa
Issue number1111
StatePublished - Jan 20 2006

Fingerprint

Carabidae
Coleoptera
larva
larvae
instars
burrowing
feeding behavior
burrow
burrows
seals
trapping
tropics
beetle
Argentina
insect
egg
insects

Keywords

  • Arizona
  • Bombardier beetle
  • Carabidae
  • Goniotropis kuntzeni
  • Larva
  • Ozaenini
  • Paussinae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

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title = "Description and behaviour of Goniotropis kuntzeni larvae (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Paussinae: Ozaenini) and a key to genera of Paussinae larvae",
abstract = "Goniotropis species are large, parallel-sided paussine beetles common in the New World tropics and ranging from southern Arizona to northern Argentina. Specimens of Goniotropis kuntzeni B{\"a}nninger were collected in southern Arizona and larvae were reared under laboratory conditions. The egg, first instar larva and second instar larva are described and illustrated, providing the first larval description for this genus. Goniotropis larvae live in burrows that they construct and seal with their terminal disk (which is composed of modified urogomphi and dorsal plates). They feed by trapping live insect prey with the moveable components of their terminal disk, and then they bring the captured prey into their gallery to consume. Burrowing and feeding behaviours of Goniotropis kuntzeni larva closely resemble those previously described for Pachyteles species. A key to the genera of paussine larvae is provided.",
keywords = "Arizona, Bombardier beetle, Carabidae, Goniotropis kuntzeni, Larva, Ozaenini, Paussinae",
author = "{Moore Brusca}, Wendy and {Di Giulio}, Andrea",
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journal = "Zootaxa",
issn = "1175-5326",
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AU - Moore Brusca, Wendy

AU - Di Giulio, Andrea

PY - 2006/1/20

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AB - Goniotropis species are large, parallel-sided paussine beetles common in the New World tropics and ranging from southern Arizona to northern Argentina. Specimens of Goniotropis kuntzeni Bänninger were collected in southern Arizona and larvae were reared under laboratory conditions. The egg, first instar larva and second instar larva are described and illustrated, providing the first larval description for this genus. Goniotropis larvae live in burrows that they construct and seal with their terminal disk (which is composed of modified urogomphi and dorsal plates). They feed by trapping live insect prey with the moveable components of their terminal disk, and then they bring the captured prey into their gallery to consume. Burrowing and feeding behaviours of Goniotropis kuntzeni larva closely resemble those previously described for Pachyteles species. A key to the genera of paussine larvae is provided.

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KW - Bombardier beetle

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KW - Goniotropis kuntzeni

KW - Larva

KW - Ozaenini

KW - Paussinae

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